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Norms and symptoms of estrogen deviation during menopause, taking estrogen-containing drugs

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Gynecology has a sufficient arsenal of tools to control estrogens during menopause and to help a woman cope with the pathological manifestations of a lack of hormones. Climax - age restructuring of the body

In the childbearing age, natural hormonal “helpers” - estrogen (estradiol, estriol and estrone) work in a woman’s body. Attractiveness, reproductive health, emotional state, the body's vital activity directly depend on the level of female hormones.

The age period of 45-55 years for women is associated with the extinction of childbearing function and hormonal adjustment. There comes a menopause (climax). These are irreversible natural physiological changes, which are manifested by the deterioration of the state of health associated with a hormone deficiency.

As the ovarian reserve decreases (the number of eggs the woman has from the moment of birth), the level of estrogen gradually decreases. Shortage is reflected in the work of the body. Hormonal imbalance destabilizes the endocrine system, humoral regulation of internal organs:

  • Pituitary and hypothalamus. Blood pressure jumps, hot flashes, excessive sweating, nausea, dizziness.
  • Thyroid. Increased secretion of thyroxin, which causes disruption of the heart.
  • The adrenal glands. Stitching and aching pain in the heart and high blood pressure.

In addition, the symptoms of estrogen deficiency include:

  • The destruction of bone tissue. Bones become fragile and brittle, teeth deteriorate.
  • Unstable emotional state, which is manifested by increased anxiety, irritability, anger, resentment.
  • Metabolic disease. Body weight increases, diabetes mellitus sometimes develops.
  • Dysfunction of the genitourinary system. Symptoms of cystitis manifest, incontinence occurs. There is dryness of the mucous membranes of the vagina, pain during sexual contact, burning and itching in the genitals, discomfort during walking.
  • Skin changes: dryness, flabbiness, deepening of wrinkles, formation of folds, brittle hair and nails.

Determination of estrogen levels in menopause

The climacteric period is individual. Some women experience it painlessly, others need medical care. It depends on the level of estrogen in the blood, which is determined by laboratory tests.

Venous blood sampling done in the morning on an empty stomach. For the reliability of the results of the day before that physical activity, sexual contact, alcohol consumption, the use of hormonal drugs are excluded.

In the period of hormonal adjustment estrogen level is 53 pg / ml and below. At low rates, for example, 6 pg / ml, menopause in a woman is difficult. The treatment is aimed at increasing the level of female hormones.. Self-medication is unacceptable.

Based on the results of laboratory studies, assessing the state of health and the individual characteristics of the patient, the doctor chooses a method of treatment. Hormone replacement therapy is considered as a separate technique. Treatment supplemented by herbal medicine and dietcontaining foods that will help stabilize the hormones of the patient during menopause.

Therapy to stabilize the hormonal background includes:

  • hormonal drugs with estrogen,
  • Herbal Medicinal Fees
  • use of products containing phytoestrogens.

Hormonal drugs

Drug treatment is designed to stabilize the background of female sex hormones to the level of age norms, therefore, the use of drugs during menopause is dosed.

Estradiol in large quantities causes neoplasms, as the process of tissue regeneration slows down with age.

Menopause does not imply the complete absence of estrogen, some of which continue to be produced. The main role in this period is assigned to the estrone. Hormone therapy involves the pharmacological replacement of physiological estradiol (the main female hormone) with artificial substitutes. The drugs are divided into estrogen-containing and combined, for oral administration and topical administration.

The pharmacological industry offers various dosage forms of hormonal therapeutic drugs during menopause:

Some drugs are available in several pharmacological forms. For example, Ovestin is pills, vaginal cream, candles.

Estrogen drugs use natural and artificial female hormones. It is noteworthy that drugs with natural estrogens are worse among women due to adverse reactions. Negative manifestations are associated with individual characteristics. The combined means include progesterone and estrogen.

The value of the hormone estrogen in a woman's life

The development and life of a woman is directly dependent on hormones, because estrogen is responsible for the following functions:

  1. In women, estrogen is responsible for the formation of external sexual characteristics (dilated pelvis, body hair in the armpits and pubis, rounding and enlargement of the mammary glands),
  2. Thanks to estrogen, an acidic environment is created in the vagina, which is formed from puberty to the onset of menopause.
  3. The hormone contributes to the growth and development of the internal reproductive organs, in the first place, it concerns the uterus and ovaries. That is, a woman is slowly being prepared to become a mother.
  4. Adipose tissue is evenly distributed over the thighs, breasts, legs, knees. This gives the figure a feminine shape. In addition to the female body, estrogen is also responsible for the hair and nails: their health, beauty and strength also directly depend on this hormone.
  5. Responsible for the normal and regular implementation of the menstrual cycle.
  6. A small amount of estrogen leads to problems in the emotional sphere. A woman at a reproductive age can feel this on herself, for example, during PMS. The woman's mood spoils, she becomes overly nervous and irritable.
  7. With a low level of estrogen, there are irregularities in thermoregulation, which during menopause makes itself felt in the form of hot flashes, both hot and hot.
  8. Estrogen is responsible for the strength of the bones, which is why in old age, when this hormone is small, the bones become more fragile, and the elderly person often breaks limbs, falling literally on level ground.

Fortunately, to raise the level of estrogen is quite simple, as it is contained in some medicinal herbs, in cosmetics, in the most extreme case - in special hormonal preparations.

Woman's response to estrogen levels

As it became clear, female sex hormones are responsible not only for the state of the reproductive system. Fluctuations in hormonal levels are reflected in almost all organs and their systems. The lack of estrogen in women with menopause causes the following symptoms:

  1. Parts of the brain such as the pituitary and hypothalamus, without the involvement of estrogen, now begin to work differently. Namely, they cause hot flashes to the upper part of the body, which are accompanied not only by poor health, but also nausea, strong sweats, dizziness, jumps in menopause pressure.
  2. Against the background of a decrease in the level of estrogen, bones begin to break more easily and teeth deteriorate.
  3. The thyroid gland stops working correctly. When estrogen decreases, it begins to secrete a lot of another hormone - thyroxin, which, in turn, provokes heart problems, causes it to beat more often. Against this background, a woman has a feeling of heightened anxiety about the state of her health.
  4. Since estrogen secretes the adrenal cortex, malfunctions in the work of this organ also occur, as evidenced by increased pressure and severe pain.
  5. In the period of menopause, the woman becomes very familiar with the emotions of anger, irritability and touchiness. The most annoying is that they are unstable, and the emotional background is constantly changing.
  6. The hormone estrogen significantly affects the level of carbohydrate metabolism, so when menopause women so often gain weight. Sometimes these violations become very serious and lead to diabetes, and estrogen deficiency is also to blame.

An organism is a whole system, the slightest malfunction of which leads to diseases. High levels of estrogen in the body are also dangerous, for example, because of this, the uterine epithelium thickens much faster, and this can lead to cancer.

Hormone levels during menopause

Some women experience menopause normally, while others require additional therapy in the form of hormones, since they are deficient. However, it is impossible to draw conclusions and even more to prescribe myself any drugs. To do this, you need to pass tests for the level of estrogen in the blood, and only after receiving its results, assess the situation. When complaining about the symptoms of menopause, a competent doctor will most likely give directions on the delivery of an analysis for hormones.

Delivery of the analysis on absolutely any hormones is carried out only in the morning and only on an empty stomach. The day before the test, the doctors recommend not to strain physically too much, to isolate yourself as much as possible from stress, not to have sex, not to smoke, not to drink alcohol. The analysis does not give up against the background of the use of a hormonal drug, as this will significantly affect its result. Since blood is taken from a vein for analysis, it is very important that you feel good.

In menopause, the test result for estrogen is 53 pg / ml and below. Some women in menopause levels of this hormone generally drops to 6 pg / ml.

If the results of the analysis showed low levels of estrogen in the blood during menopause, then there is nothing surprising in the fact that for a woman, menopause is very painful. However, there is nothing terrible about this: together with the doctor you need to decide how and how the level of estrogen will rise to alleviate the symptoms.

Estrogen use during menopause

Reception of estrogen is indicated for menopause, as one of the parts of hormone replacement therapy. In addition to menopause, regular estrogen is prescribed to those women who have undergone uterine surgery.

Which pills should pay attention when choosing a medicine for menopause?

  1. Premarin. It is intended for the treatment of menopausal syndrome, is prescribed for bleeding from the uterus, with excessive fragility of the bones.
  2. Estradiol. It does not contain female hormones in its pure form, but there are substances that are as close as possible in their composition to female hormones. It is used in all cases when the balance of hormones in the blood must be put in order, including during menopause.
  3. Presomen. This drug also releases specifically for admission by women during menopause, helps to maintain the reproductive system's performance at this age, if a woman plans to acquire offspring.
  4. Tefestrol. It is used when a woman is not going to give up sex in menopause, and the state of the vaginal mucosa makes this process a real torment.
  5. Estrofem. The drug is recommended in all cases where a woman needs to increase hormone levels.

Attention! Medications that contain hormones, there are a great many, but they can not be used without permission under any circumstances, as this can lead to the most terrible consequences, including oncology. Also, hormonal preparations are taken according to a specific scheme, which is prescribed by the doctor to each patient individually.

Estrogen can not only be taken in pill form. To facilitate its reception, it is also available in the form of vaginal suppositories, in the form of creams and gels for external use.

Attention! Estrogen preparations for topical use, especially for creams and gels, can be prescribed only to women who have no problems with the liver, because with this method of use estrogens immediately enter the bloodstream without passing through the liver.

Natural Estrogen Substitutes for Menopause

Natural estrogens, which are also called phytoestrogens in medicine. These hormone substitutes are able to function normally in the female body, without causing him any harm. Some plants contain hormone-like chemicals that can significantly ease the flow of menopause. Since the unpleasant symptoms of menopause occur precisely because of the lack of hormones, treatment with herbs is one of the most popular today, as it is inexpensive and as natural as possible.

What herbs contain in their composition substitutes for female hormones?

If you have a difficult menopause, then go to the pharmacy and ask there the following phytoestrogens, during menopause, they are useful for making decoctions and other types of drugs:

  1. Shepherd's purse.
  2. Siberian ginseng.
  3. Borovaya uterus.
  4. Flower of a camomile pharmaceutical.
  5. Sage.
  6. Liquorice root.
  7. Parsley.
  8. Linden flowers.
  9. Clover.
  10. Flax seeds.

From this rather impressive list, you can choose any plant or plants, buy them in dried form, brew one pinch of raw material with boiling water, insist to cool, filter and drink instead of tea or compote, if you want to add a little natural honey there estrogen in menopause in women is not enough.

When one type of herbal tea you like or bother you, you can replace it with tea from other herbs or mix them in random order. Just remember that hormonal deficiency will pass only when the treatment with natural hormone substitutes will be carried out regularly, and not when it pleases.

Thus, estrogen is the main female hormone that is responsible for many organs and their systems. The lack of estrogen leads to the climacteric syndrome, but the hormone deficiency can be replenished. To do this, you only need to pass tests, and correctly assess the situation - and the doctor will help in this.

Cognitive video on this topic:

Phytoestrogens with menopause in preparations and useful herbs

When a woman steps over the forty-five-year mark, her estrogen levels are significantly reduced. This contributes to the fact that fat metabolism is disturbed, and against this background “harmful” cholesterol is actively produced. To maintain the body in tone, relieve concomitant symptoms and prevent diseases, the doctor may prescribe phytoestrogens during menopause.

general information

Phytoestrogens are natural components. They can be found in many fruits, vegetables and herbs. To maintain a normal hormonal level per day, a woman needs at least 64 grams. phytoestrogens. This will prevent the progression of dangerous pathological processes, as well as improve physical and mental well-being during menopause.

These components are not hormones, but their effect is almost the same. They do not pose a danger to the female body and do not contribute to the violation of their own hormonal level. Given that phytoestrogens help to normalize blood pressure and arrest the development of hormone-dependent neoplasms, they are often prescribed during menopause.

Benefits

Phytohormones with menopause are intended to perform a replacement role. Their reception significantly improves the quality of life for women. The main functions of phytoestrogens include the following:

  • establishment of metabolic processes,
  • stress relief
  • improving sleep quality
  • tide elimination,
  • normalization of the heart and blood vessels,
  • normalization of blood pressure
  • improving immunity
  • prevention of the development of some neoplasms.

Under the influence of herbal remedies, skin aging slows down and the state of the nervous system stabilizes. The woman looks fresher and younger. Such drugs are used not only for treatment - they are prescribed for the prevention of osteoporosis and ischemia.

Side effects

ZFT has significant drawbacks. Phytopreparations have a weakened effect on the body. If menopausal syndrome is expressed very clearly, it is not recommended to take them. Some of the young women on the background of the use of herbal remedies have side effects:

  • strong weight gain,
  • development of liver pathologies,
  • development of allergies
  • irritation of the digestive tract,
  • breast seal,
  • the appearance of mucous bloody vaginal discharge.

Side effects occur when a woman takes herbal remedies without the supervision of a physician. In addition, undesirable effects can be the result of their prolonged use. Having found at least one alarming symptom, you should immediately stop taking the drugs and seek help from a doctor.

What are the phytoestrogen drugs?

Phytopreparations with menopause are released without a prescription. Most often, women are assigned to use such tools:

Remens is a homeopathic remedy and completely harmless. It is able to have a restorative effect and suppresses estrogen deficiency. Take Remens need for three months. Два курса подряд назначаются крайне редко.

The use of Klimadinone helps to reduce estrogen deficiency and reduce the intensity of hot flashes. He is appointed for 3 months, but if necessary, the course of treatment can be repeated. On the day it is recommended to drink 1 tablet.

The action of Qi-Klima is aimed at removing tides and reducing the lack of estrogen. It is recommended to drink phytopreparation within 3 months. You need to drink 1 tablet twice a day.

Qi-Klim should be taken with food.

Estrovel is prescribed to eliminate hot flashes and correct emotional state. In addition, this herbal remedy can stop the development of benign tumors. He is appointed to prevent avitaminosis and osteoporosis. Take it for 2 months, if necessary, the course of treatment is extended. Feminal has a similar effect.

Femivell is the most effective fortifying agent. Take it to 1 tablet per 24 hours.

Ladys formula-menopause incorporates the minerals needed by the female body. The use of such a complex helps to strengthen the immune system and replenishes the lack of estrogen. It should be taken in a three-month course of 1-3 tablets / 24 hours.

What herbs can you drink during menopause

Herbal therapy helps alleviate the excruciating symptoms of menopause. Plants have a remarkable sedative effect and help mobilize immune forces. For a woman who has entered this difficult period, the use of such herbs is often recommended:

  • sage,
  • mint,
  • motherwort,
  • crimson leaves,
  • red clover
  • calamus,
  • rowan.

Sage is indispensable in the fight against tides, but also this plant regulates sweating and normalizes the psycho-emotional state. Regular consumption of sage infusion helps to get rid of puffiness and restore blood supply in the genitals. This, in turn, reduces the risk of atrophic events.

From sage often prepare herbal tea with menopause. To do this, the plant is mixed with valerian root, motherwort and mint. 200 ml. boiling water need to take 1 tsp. spoon collection. Drinking such a herbal tea is desirable before breakfast. If a woman suffers from insomnia, you can take it before going to bed.

Calamus root helps to get rid of vasomotor symptoms. This remedy is taken for painful headaches or migraines. With a pronounced sedative effect, calamus root is indispensable in the fight against insomnia and stress.

Oregano helps to cope with strong and frequent tides. In addition, it helps to get rid of insomnia, stabilize the psycho-emotional state.

What to include in the diet with menopause

Phytoestrogens are found in many foods. Most of them are in onions, garlic, flaxseed and bean oil. Women approaching a “dangerous” age are advised to eat dishes with peas and beans as often as possible. But if there are problems with the stomach, these products should be discarded.

Very useful fresh carrot. It can be included in mashed potatoes, various salads and snacks. Carrot goes well with red grapes, green apples and fresh cabbage. Great benefits to the body brings spinach, which can be used in the preparation of salads. In a small amount is allowed to eat dates.

If there are no pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, you can eat pomegranates, cherries, pears. Particular attention is recommended to pay fresh greens. For menopause, it is good for women to eat celery and parsley. Best to drink high-quality red wine and green tea.

Drinking coffee should be reduced whenever possible. Alcohol abuse is also not worth it. Dry red wine is recommended to drink in small quantities. In a day, a woman needs 150-200 milliliters. Drinking red dry wine should not be every day, but about two or three times a week. Otherwise, there may be a risk of developing pancreatitis, which is very difficult to treat.

Phytoestrogens of plant origin during menopause: useful plants

Climax is a completely normal state of a woman. It occurs on average in 45-50 years. At this time, the body experiences a hormonal adjustment, which is often accompanied by unpleasant sensations.

What is estrogen? Signs of menopause Phytoestrogens with menopause Non-hormonal herbal remedies for menopause Plants with the highest concentration of phytoestrogens

An important substance for the normal functioning of the female body is the steroid sex hormone estrogen. This is a whole group of structures characterized by a similar structure and functions.

The three most important components of estrogen are:

  • Estradiol, synthesized by ovarian follicles in the course of testosterone biotransformation,
  • Estrone, formed from androstenedione by the adrenal glands and ovaries,
  • Estriol is a minor component responsible for the growth of the uterus.

With menopause, including periods of premenopause, menopause and postmenopause, there is a gradual decrease in estrogen levels. Their lack of cause of poor health and the development of a number of diseases.

Signs of menopause

The symptoms of menopause include:

  • Hot flashes (reddening of the limbs, face, chest, sensation of heat). The duration of attacks varies from a few seconds to 5 minutes.
  • Vaginal dryness due to insufficient synthesis of secretions, and leading to discomfort during sexual intercourse with a partner.
  • Osteoporosis. Structural changes in bone tissue also lead to a lack of estrogen, responsible for the normal absorption of calcium. The consequence is increased bone fragility and pathological fractures,
  • Hypertension characterized by the deposition of cholesterol plaques on the walls of the great vessels. A direct consequence is an increase in blood pressure,
  • Weight gain In the period of menopause, the patient can gain 5-7 kg during the month, which is due to the growth of subcutaneous tissue against the background of a lack of sex hormones.

Non-hormonal herbal remedies for menopause

Natural plants will help solve problems of a local nature, i.e., are suitable for symptomatic therapy.

Any teas, infusions, decoctions, etc., can be taken only after prior consultation with your doctor.

To relieve the symptoms of menopause, you can prepare infusions and teas from medicinal herbs. Sedative PhytopreparationsThe main components are mint, hops and lemon balm, help stabilize the psyche, eliminating excessive irritability.

Broths of lemon balm, hawthorn, oregano and chamomile are great for problems with the cardiovascular system.

To bring blood pressure to normal, take pharmaceutical tinctures and decoctions of calendula and St. John's wort.

From insomnia, motherwort and hawthorn help (it is desirable to acquire pharmacy forms).

Chamomile flowers help to strengthen the overall immunity. In addition, this plant is a powerful natural antiseptic.

To stabilize sleep and get rid of tides, it is advisable to use ordinary dill. The effect develops two weeks after taking the course.

If the dose recommended by the doctor is exceeded, the development of side effects is not excluded.

Plants with the highest concentration of phytoestrogens

Phytohormones are similar in structure to natural estrogens. When they enter a woman's body, they bind to free receptors, synthesizing similar protein compounds.

Before you start taking phytoestrogens, it is recommended to consult with a specialist gynecologist. Only a doctor can advise the optimal dosage and regimen for maximum effectiveness of hormone replacement therapy. Remember that herbal compounds can only be used as an adjunct to the main therapy for menopause.

A large number of isoflafon present in soybeans and products based on it. Phytoestrogens are also present in red clover, alfalfa, lentils and licorice. Minor concentrations of plant-derived estrogens are found in pomegranates, flax seeds, licorice root, red grapes, fennel, dates, nuts, cherries, cabbage, garlic, and regular apples.

Angelica root helps to eliminate negative phenomena caused by an imbalance of female and male sex hormones. It reduces the severity of hot flashes and eliminates vaginal dryness.

A number of useful plant components included in the so-called. "Monastic tea".

Goryanka is able to increase sexual desire, improve blood circulation in the pelvic organs and improve the activity of the cardiovascular system ..

Oregano tea is a great hormonal stimulant. Even in women over 45, it improves ovarian function and reduces psycho-emotional lability (helps avoid irritability and depression).

Vitex Sacred already after a month of coursework, normalizes sleep, eliminates unmotivated sensation of anxiety and helps to avoid a sudden change of mood.

Peony is sold in pharmacies in the form of alcohol tinctures. Its regular consumption eliminates hot flashes, sweating and nervous disorders. This herbal remedies take courses of 2-4 weeks at the discretion of the attending physician.

The red brush root is a unique plant that helps prevent the formation of benign and malignant tumors in women during menopause.

Before you start taking herbs to relieve signs of menopause, the patient must consult the attending physician. Self-medication can do more harm than good.

Vladimir Plisov, doctor, medical reviewer

(35 vote., 4,30 from 5)
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The use of folk remedies to eliminate the symptoms of menopause

Climax - a turning point that occurs in the lives of women and men. But in women, menopause is more painful. Climax usually occurs from 40 to 50 years.

There are cases of early and late restructuring of the body. It all depends on individual characteristics, lifestyle and environmental factors.

The transition can last from 10 to 15 years, by the age of 60 the restructuring of the body ends.

During menopause, cardinal changes occur in the body that can cause hot flashes.

Types of female hormones

Women produce 2 types of sex hormones, it is estrogen and progesterone. The first, in turn, has three forms - estradiol, estrone and estriol. These substances are responsible not only for the ability of a woman to bear children, but also for all metabolic processes in the body, which is why during the age adjustment period, patients can experience malfunctions in all organs and systems.

Acceptance of estrogen in menopause helps to compensate for the deficiency of sex hormones, resulting from the extinction of ovarian function. However, pure estradiol is not recommended. This substance can trigger the degeneration of cells into a malignant form and the growth of various neoplasms.

Today, estriol is used for premenopausal hormone replacement therapy. This form is much safer, but when prescribing medications based on it, it is extremely important to calculate the correct dosage. With increased levels of estriol, side effects such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness and general malaise may occur.

In the second phase, menopause in the body drops and progesterone levels. This substance is responsible for bone density, stability of the emotional background and weight correction. With a lack of progesterone, the patient may notice an increase in unwanted hair, weight gain, dry skin, etc. However, an excess of this substance can lead to undesirable consequences, namely, depressive conditions, obesity and digestive disorders. Progesterone can only be prescribed by a doctor after clinical blood tests.

Important! Only a doctor should select medicine with estrogen for menopause, based on the results of tests and the general well-being of the patient!

What substances are not enough during menopause?

The level of hormones in women varies with menopause. In the first phase, the estradiol level starts to decrease in the body, but still, it still prevails over the amount of progesterone. During this period, there are failures of menstruation and the manifestation of the unpleasant symptoms of menostasis.

In the second phase, menopause estradiol continues to decline rapidly, but also progesterone decreases. During this period, weight gain and the development of osteoporosis are most often observed, and problems with the heart and vascular system begin.

In the third phase of menopause, the production of female hormones stops altogether. At this time there is a complete extinction of the appendages and the uterus, they are reduced in size. These organs no longer perform their functions, and the woman moves into the post-climax phase.

Treatment with hormonal agents of synthetic or natural origin is advisable only in the first two phases of menostasis. When the uterus and ovaries stop working completely, the estrogens in the tablets are no longer needed, because by this time the body should have adapted and rebuilt into a new mode of operation.

How to delay the onset of menopause and reduce its manifestations?

From the age of 40, every woman notices how her body is changing. At first, minor precursors of ovarian extinction appear, such as rare failures of the menstrual cycle, irritability and the first wrinkles. It is at this point that patients need to think that an age-related restructuring may soon begin and it is time to take measures to delay the onset of menopause and minimize its manifestations.

To extend the fertility function, and hence the youth there are several effective methods. At the first stage, when the menstrual cycle is still there, you can postpone the onset of menostasis by adjusting the diet, giving up bad habits and changing your lifestyle. Experts have proved that patients who do not drink alcohol, play sports and adhere to a healthy diet much later face menopause, and its course is characterized by softness and the absence of severe symptoms.

At later stages, drug therapy is required, when such unpleasant symptoms as:

  • Tides
  • Pressure jumps.
  • Headaches.
  • Heart pain.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Dryness of vaginal mucous membranes, etc.

Drugs containing estrogen during menopause can be prescribed only by the attending physician after a thorough examination and an appropriate diagnosis. Today, there are several groups of drugs that contain natural or synthetic substances that compensate for the estradiol deficiency during menopause, and therefore, greatly facilitate its manifestations.

Menopause and estrogens: drugs, herbs, foods

Before you apply any measures to increase sexual substances in the body, you need to determine their level by clinical blood tests. With the onset of premenopause, the estradiol level decreases and can be from 53 pg / ml and below. If the level drops, below the mark of 10 pg / ml, artificial replenishment of the substance is required, because with such indicators menopause is particularly difficult.

Stabilization of hormonal levels may include:

  • Natural hormones for women with menopause.
  • Synthetic drugs.
  • Folk recipes.
  • Special diet.

Types and effects of phytoestragens on menopause

In nature, there are several types of foods rich in phytoestrogens. First of all, these are food products that are available for every consumer, as well as female genital analogues and are found in some herbs.

Eating properly and incorporating foods rich in natural phytohormones into your diet is recommended long before menopause. Already at the age of 30, every woman should understand that proper nutrition is the key to prolonging youth, beauty and health. Among the products with a high content of natural estrogen hormone are:

  • All kinds of legumes.
  • Parsley, celery and leafy vegetables.
  • Carrots, garlic, asparagus.
  • Whole grains.
  • Sour milk products.
  • Vegetable oil (mostly olive).

Regularly including in the diet products containing natural female hormones during menopause, you can delay the onset of menostase and alleviate the unpleasant symptoms.

Also in the fight against manifestations of menostasis will help and popular recipes based on decoctions of medicinal herbs. Phytoestragens are contained in the following plants:

  • Flax seeds.
  • Shepherd's purse.
  • Hawthorn.
  • Siberian ginseng.
  • Red clover.
  • Borovaya uterus.
  • Red brush.
  • Sage.
  • Parsley.

On the basis of these herbs, you can prepare decoctions, teas, tinctures and baths. All of them with regular use effectively relieve menopausal symptoms.

Important! Even phytoestrogens with climax can be taken only after consulting with a gynecologist, because they can also have side effects.

Indications for use

Indications for the use of estrogen substitutes in menopause are:

  • Tides, repeated over 20 times a day.
  • Vaginal dryness.
  • Involuntary urination.
  • Migraine-type headaches.
  • Sudden jumps in blood pressure.
  • The development of osteoparosis.
  • Sharp weight gain.
  • Uterus removal.

Is hormone replacement therapy safe during menopause?

A few years ago, medications containing only one substance were used to treat the symptoms of premenopause. Mono drugs significantly alleviated the symptoms of menopause, but had serious side effects.Thus, recent studies have shown that oncological tumors developed much more frequently in patients who took drugs with estradiol compared with patients who took the combined means. It is noted that the risk of cancer of the uterus and breast glands increases with increasing dosage and duration of administration.

However, the combined medications can not drink to all patients. Absolute contraindications for HRT are:

  • Bleeding from the uterus of unknown origin.
  • Oncological diseases.
  • Pathology of the kidneys and liver.
  • Gynecological diseases.
  • Diabetes.
  • Diseases of the blood.
  • Mastopathy, asthma, epilepsy, rheumatism.

Natural estrogens with menopause

Non-hormonal agents for menopausal syndrome are a modern and quite effective alternative to hormone replacement therapy. These drugs are based on natural hormone analogues extracted from plant extracts and extracts of various animal glands. To date, the most effective non-hormonal drugs for climacteric syndrome are:

READERS RECOMMEND!

“I was advised by the gynecologist to take natural remedies. They chose the climastyle — it helped me with the tides. It’s such a nightmare that sometimes you don’t want to go to work even when you’ve started. then the internal energy reappeared. And I even wanted to have sexual relations with my husband again, but it was all without any particular desire. "

  • Klimadinon.
  • Climax.
  • Remens.
  • Klimaktoplan.

Natural hormones with menopause have practically no contraindications, but the doctor should also prescribe them, based on the results of the examination of the patient. Treatment with non-hormonal drugs can last for a long time, but the first effect can be felt only after 2-3 weeks of administration.

Intake of non-hormonal drugs for more than 3 months provides the following effect of therapy:

  • Reducing the frequency and intensity of tides.
  • Getting rid of excessive sweating.
  • Restoration of the vaginal microflora.
  • Recovery libido.
  • Normalization of sleep.
  • Restoration of psycho-emotional background.
  • Improve memory and attention.
  • Improving the condition of the skin, hair and nails.
  • Normalization of weight.

It is worth noting that non-hormonal drugs are most effective in the early stages of premenopause, and in severe cases it can not cope with the tasks. However, according to doctors, the effectiveness of these drugs depends on compliance with the rules of admission and choice of drug.

Important! Estrogens after menopause do not have any positive effect and their reception at this time is irrational.

How to choose hormonal pills for menopause

If with the onset of menopause a woman is not worried about severe symptoms, she is not recommended to take hormonal preparations. Such women according to research results about 30%. They only need to be more careful about their health during this period, go in for sports and adjust their diet.

The remaining 70% of patients may experience hot flashes, sweating, and other unpleasant symptoms. Their treatment and choice of drugs depends on the severity of menopause. With moderate severity, when hot flashes occur no more than 20 times a day, treatment with natural estradiols is recommended. Women can prescribe herbal tea, biological supplements and a special diet.

With severe and prolonged menopause, it is rarely possible to do without HRT. A sharp shortage of hormones can lead to the development of concomitant, life-threatening pathologies, but only a doctor should choose a medicine. Self-treatment in the period of withering of childbearing function can turn into even greater health problems, because HRT can be used only in the absence of contraindications.

HRT during menopause: pros and cons

Among patients, the opinion that HRT is dangerous for health is already firmly entrenched, and it can only be used in the most extreme cases. Various publications, both on the Internet and in medical journals, contribute to this conviction; however, according to a specialist, a properly planned treatment schedule and full control of therapy eliminate the risks of serious side effects. To understand the pros and cons of HRT, let us examine separately for each point of possible complications:

  • Mammary cancer. A lot of research has been done on the subject of the development of breast cancer while taking HRT. Indeed, scientists have found some connection between taking estradiol and the development of tumors. However, the risk of morbidity increases only after 5 years of drug use, and only if the woman has previously been predisposed to this disease (overweight, heredity, breast disease, etc.).
  • Strokes and heart attacks. According to the results of studies, circulatory disorders were observed in women who began to take HRT in the late period (after 55 years). However, this was more true for patients who had previously had episodes of thrombosis. Also at risk were women overweight. The risk of developing cerebrovascular accidents increased in proportion to the duration of therapy.
  • Cancer of the uterus and ovaries. According to the research it was found that hormone therapy actually increases the risk of developing oncologic tumors. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the early symptoms of cancer of the uterus and ovaries are very similar to the manifestations of menopause. If you start taking medication without testing, it can lead to the growth of a tumor already present in the embryo. However, ongoing research is not enough to conclude that HRT is dependent on the development of cancer of the uterus and ovaries.

  • Severe symptoms. Against the background of taking estradiol, manifestations of menopause are significantly reduced. A woman can continue to lead a normal full life, not giving up work and communicate with friends.
  • Heart and Vascular Diseases. Studies have shown that HRT in the early years of premenopause has a positive effect on the condition of the blood vessels and the heart, acting as a defense against heart attacks and strokes.
  • Atrophy of the vaginal mucosa. With the development of atrophic processes of the vaginal mucosa, synthetic substances have shown high efficiency of treatment. At the same time, the best results are achieved with the use of special ointments and gels for intravaginal use.
  • Development of osteoparosis. According to the test results, estradiol significantly inhibits bone demineralization, but only if HRT is used in the early stages of menostasis. It has been proven that taking estradiol in the menopause phase and post-menopause does not reduce the number of fractures associated with osteoporosis, but taking medicines at the premenopause stage allows you to maintain bone density for many years.

According to the results of the same studies, natural hormones with menopause are less dangerous. They have virtually no contraindications and side effects. They can safely be taken for a long time, but herbal substances are significantly inferior to synthetic in the effectiveness of treatment.

Release form

Estrogens in menopause may be used not only orally - to reduce the negative effects on the body, some drugs are available in the form of vaginal suppositories, as well as creams, and in addition to this gels.

Most often tablets are used - they are more effective both as a therapeutic agent and in the prevention of menopausal manifestations. Gels are used for application through the skin (they are prescribed if the patient has liver pathologies, because with this method of administration, the drug goes directly into the blood, without passing through the liver). Vaginal suppositories and creams contain estriol, which is a weak estrogen.

Herbs with Menopause Estrogens

Herbal estrogen in record quantities is found in such medicinal herbs: shepherd's handbag, Siberian ginseng, and also a boron uterus.

Herbs containing a smaller amount of this hormone: chamomile, sage, licorice root, parsley, linden inflorescences, sweet clover seeds and flax, and in addition to this alfalfa and clover.

There are 300 types of plants that are included in 16 different families, containing a certain amount of estrogen. Among them, lignans and isoflavones were studied the most.

Isoflavone glabridin is found in licorice root. Large amounts of this substance are able to inhibit cancer cell reproduction, but a small amount, on the contrary, provokes the growth of these cells.

Lignans extracted from flax seeds acquire steroid nature exclusively in the human intestine. Their biological properties are similar to those of isoflavones.

Candles with estrogen in menopause

Hormonal suppositories for menopause are used to get rid of the symptoms of burning and itching in the vagina.

Candles Ovestin are one of the most effective and popular products containing estrogen - in the form of estriol. Estriol is a hormone with a short-term exposure, which eliminates the risk of new cells in the endometrium.

The drug contributes to the regeneration of the epithelium layer on the vaginal mucosa, and in addition it restores the natural microflora and acid balance in it - thus it prevents the development of pathogenic microbes. Along with this increases the level of local immunity.

Estrogens tablets with menopause

Among the most popular and effective estrogen drugs, produced in tablets, which are used during menopause, the following are distinguished:

  • Premarin containing conjugated estrogens. It is used as part of hormone therapy - for menopausal syndrome, bleeding from the uterus, as well as osteoporosis that develops during menopause,
  • Estradiol, which contains components in its composition most close to the natural female hormones. It is used to stabilize the hormonal balance in the blood,
  • Presoman, which is often used in HRT. Its medicinal properties make it possible to preserve the health of the reproductive system of a woman,
  • Tefestrol - it allows you to restore the state of the vaginal mucosa, and also stimulates uterine function,
  • Estrofem is used to compensate for the lack of endogenous estrogen type in the female body.

The properties of estrogen in menopause will be considered on the example of drugs Estrofem and Ovestin.

Pharmacodynamics

Estrofem is created on the basis of the substance 17-β-estradiol, which in its composition corresponds to the natural estrogen produced by the ovaries. It helps to restore the normal functioning of the female genital organs - the uterus with the fallopian tubes, the vagina, the ducts of the mammary glands, as well as the stroma. At the same time, it affects the pigmentation of the area near the nipples and genitals.

The drug also affects the function of female 2-sex sexual characteristics, inhibits lactation processes, stabilizes the menstrual cycle, and along with these processes of the metabolism of fats and proteins with carbohydrates.

Thanks to drugs, you can lower the indicator of cholesterol in the blood, and in addition to increase the libido and emotional state of the patient. Its effect contributes to the strengthening of bone mass, as well as their density - this allows to prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis and makes the bones stronger, thereby reducing the risk of fractures of the vertebrae and joints in the hip area.

Pharmacokinetics

After intravaginal use, the active substance provides local bioavailability optimal for the medicinal effect. At the same time, it is rapidly absorbed, penetrating into the general hematopoietic system. As a result, the plasma concentration of unbound estriol increases rapidly. Peak this figure reaches 1-2 hours after use.

Almost all of the active component in plasma binds to albumin (unlike other estrogens, it almost does not interact with globulin, which provides a link to sex hormones).

In the metabolism, estriol is mainly converted to a conjugated as well as an unconjugated state due to circulation in the intestine and liver. It is the end product of decay and is usually excreted from the body in a bound form along with urine. Only a small part of it (about 2%) is excreted along with the feces (usually unbound estriol). The half-life lasts about 6-9 hours.

When vaginal administration of 0.5 mg of active substance, the peak value of its concentration is approximately 100 pg / ml. The minimum level is about 25 pg / ml, and the average concentration is about 70 pg / ml. With a three-week daily administration of estriol in this dosage, the average is reduced to 40 pg / ml.

Contraindications

Among the contraindications to the use of drugs that contain hormones, the patient has the following diseases or conditions:

  • history of thrombosis or thromboembolism,
  • severe diabetes mellitus
  • oncological pathology of the endometrium or breast,
  • estrogen-dependent malignant tumors,
  • pathology of the kidneys or liver, in which there is a disorder in the work of these organs,
  • having an unidentified etiology of vaginal bleeding,
  • suspicion that the patient is pregnant.

Side effects of estrogen with menopause

Anti-menopausal drugs containing hormones are known to cause a large number of adverse reactions - in short, this list includes the possible occurrence of such problems:

  • weight gain
  • headaches
  • the appearance of edema due to a delay in the body fluid
  • breast coarsening,
  • the development of cholestasis, which leads to disruption of the digestive process.

Dosage and administration

Divigel is used transdermally. It is prescribed for cyclic or continuous long-term treatment. The gel is applied to the skin in the lower abdomen or buttocks. The processing area of ​​one packet of drugs should be equal to the size of 1-2 palms. After completing the treatment, wash your hands thoroughly and wait 1-2 minutes for the gel to dry. Do not treat with medicine the areas on the face, chest or genitals, as well as damaged skin. It is impossible that the gel penetrated the eyes.

If the planned treatment with the medication was missed, it is necessary to apply it early - from the time of the scheduled time of the procedure no more than 12 hours should pass. If this period has passed, you should not carry out the missed processing, the next is performed at the appointed time. In the case of frequent missed procedures, bleeding from the uterus (similar to menstruation) may develop.

The duration of the treatment course, as well as the dose of Divigel, is prescribed by the attending physician.

At the initial stage of treatment, 1 g of gel is usually prescribed per day. After 2-3 cycles after the start of treatment, the dose is adjusted, taking into account the state of the woman, as well as the effectiveness of the drug. The average therapeutic dosage is 0.5-1.5 mg of estradiol (or 0.5-1.5 g of the drug).

Estrofem is taken orally, and it must be done every time at the same time of day. Treatment begins with a minimum dosage - 1 tablet once a day. Adjust the size of the dose is allowed at least 3 months after the start of the treatment course. During menopause (or when the uterus is removed), a woman can start a course on any given day.

When you skip a dose, you must take a pill as early as possible, but if the time limit for the skip is 24 hours, the missed pill is not used - a double dose of medication is strictly prohibited.

Overdose

In case of a severe overdose of Divigel, pain in the area of ​​the mammary glands, a feeling of irritability or anxiety, as well as flatulence may appear. There is no specific antidote - dosage reduction or the complete abolition of the use of drugs is required.

If you exceed the dosage of Estrofem, you may develop symptoms characteristic of indigestion, such as vomiting with nausea.

Interactions with other drugs

Estrofem significantly enhances the medicinal effect on the body of lipid-lowering drugs.

When combined with Estrofem, the effects of anticoagulants, diuretics, antihypertensives, as well as hypoglycemic drugs and male hormones are weakened.

The process of metabolism of Estrofem becomes much more intense when combined with barbiturates, anticonvulsants, tranquilizers, opioid analgesics, drugs for anesthesia, as well as inducers of microsomal hepatic enzymes.

Rifampicin, phenylbutazone, and ampicillin alter the balance of the intestinal microflora, as a result of which Estrophem absorption is impaired.

The therapeutic effect of estradiol is enhanced by combining with folic acid and thyroid preparations.

Algorithm for the development of menopause

First, women have puberty, then maturity, and after - extinction. Sexual extinction, i.e. menopause begins gradually. Over time, the amount of production of female hormones estrogen decreases. Then they just stop working out.

As the amount of hormones decreases, changes begin to occur in the reproductive system. The effect of the endocrine glands decreases.

Follicles no longer mature, respectively, the egg, too, no longer comes ovulation. At the place where the follicles had previously matured, connective tissue is formed.

In the ovaries begins hardening, in addition, they become smaller in size.

The mechanism of the appearance of hot flashes

Reducing the amount of estrogen has a certain effect on the hypothalamus.The scientists do not fully know the whole mechanism of menopause, its symptoms, but it is clear that under this influence the hypothalamus begins to take the apparent temperature as elevated.

When menopause occurs, estrogen production decreases

Through mediators (adrenaline, serotonin, prostaglandins), it transmits a signal to the tissues. This causes symptoms that are called hot flashes. This is a rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, feeling of heat.

Symptoms of menopause

The process of restructuring the body in women is different. During menopause, some may feel hot flashes for only half a year, while others may suffer with this for several years.

Tides - the body's response to the reduction of sex hormones. As in the case of colds, the body sends signals to pay attention to dysfunction.

Only if with a cold it is a syndrome of general intoxication, then with menopause, the tides. Symptoms:

  • Heat in the chest, arms. In this case, the face of women turns red, there is sweating.
  • Heartbeat is increasing. Dizzy, headache, nausea may appear. A woman feels weak.

Women with menopause suffer from headaches and dizziness.

  • There is a small jump in body temperature. When it rises, sweating of the whole body appears, or just above the upper lip. Then, when it subsides, chills appear.

Tides appear regardless of the time of day. Most women tend to feel their imminent appearance. Sometimes the tides are so strong that medical care is required.

Negative factors

There are factors that can increase hot flashes in women:

  • Alcohol, smoking, dilates blood vessels, which contributes to an increase in the symptoms of menopause (the temperature rises, the feeling of heat).
  • Lack of oxygen. The room should be well ventilated, in a stuffy room the general condition of women will deteriorate. And this is not only in menopause.
  • Eating large amounts of spicy food, fried, fatty, hot dishes, sugar. The latter should be completely abandoned for a while.

It is better to give up alcohol use during menopause, as this can aggravate unpleasant symptoms.

  • Stress, nervous tension during hot flashes is better to remove.
  • Exercise should be limited.

Fighting Tides

Climax can not be stopped, remove the tides, too, but you can alleviate the condition. Measures to alleviate the condition:

  • Eliminate stressful situations, try not to be nervous.
  • Drink a day at least 2 liters of water (if the heart and blood vessels are in order and there is no kidney disease).
  • Clothing should not restrain a woman in movements, it is better if she is loose fit.
  • During high tides, try to breathe calmly, taking deep breaths (belly, not chest).

Stress and nervous experiences aggravate the course of menopause

  • More often to air the room.

Folk remedies against tides

In traditional medicine, hormone therapy comes to the rescue, but it has many contraindications. These are thromboembolism, liver pathology, bleeding disorders and others. To limit the effects, or when there are contraindications to hormones, you can try folk remedies for menopause. Of course, if there are no contraindications to them.

Dill is an affordable and simple tool. Do not use the herb itself, and dill water. The result will be noticeable almost immediately. The strength of tides, the frequency of their occurrence, provided that the treatment is completed completely, i.e. 3 weeks, decreases.

Dill water can be made by yourself. For this you need 3 tbsp. dill seeds, clean water 500 ml. Let stand in a thermos for 1 hour, then pour another 500 ml, mix. Drink 3 times in 24 hours, half a glass in 30 minutes before eating food. Dill water is contraindicated in pregnant women, people with high / low blood pressure.

Dill seeds, valerian root and sage leaves are used to reduce the number of tides during menopause

Valerian. Tincture of valerian has a calming effect.

Helps with nervous excitability, with menopause can be taken when there is a feeling of blood flow to the chest, head, upper limbs. It is necessary to pour 5 g of valerian (dry roots) 1 tbsp.

boiling water (250 ml), and let stand for several hours. Drink before bedtime, in the morning after waking up.

Sage. He has several good qualities at once. It has a sedative effect on the nervous system, reduces sweating, and normalizes the function of the sex glands.

Argued that sage, among other things, has a rejuvenating effect. To set up you will need sage herbs 2 tbsp. l., boiling water 300 ml. To the top pour boiling water, give time to infuse.

After that, cool, strain, throughout the day to drink tincture.

Tincture of peony flower. Peony contains components that act as a sedative, analgesic, help cope with insomnia, reduce sweating. Peony tincture can be purchased at the pharmacy. Drink you need to 20 cap. 3 doses per day, before eating food. Treatment time up to 3 weeks, which varies depending on the characteristics of the body of each of the women.

Tinctures made from peony and oregano flowers are used as sedatives and painkillers.

Oregano. It has a positive effect on the nervous system. It is often used during menopause with depression, neurosis. For infusion you will need dried herbs 2 tbsp. l., and boiling water half a liter, mix, leave in a thermos for a while. Drink the infusion half an hour before eating.

Alcohol tincture oregano. Take 150 ml of ethyl alcohol 70℅, add 10 g of peony grass. Let it brew for a week. Drink 30 cap. 3 doses per day.

Juice therapy

Beetroot juice is one of the effective, beneficial means during hot flashes. Juice is concentrated, so you need to start taking it diluted with water. First, more water, less juice, then gradually increase its amount. Before use of pure beet juice, you need to give it to infuse for at least 2 hours. Drink slowly, taking small sips.

Inclusion in the diet of beet juice helps reduce the severity of symptoms of menopause

In folk treatment there is such a thing as juice therapy, i.e. the use of not the vegetables, fruits, herbs, and their juice. In addition to beet juice, you can drink celery juice, carrots, cucumber.

Fresh juices contain vitamins, antioxidants, phytoestrogens that help reduce hot flashes. In addition, they have a positive effect on the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal system. Beets, apples contain iron, which is necessary for normal gas exchange in the blood, because

It is an integral component of hemoglobin.

But unlike vegetables and herbs, fruits are limited during hot flashes. They contain a lot of sugar, which is a factor that can increase hot flashes.

Tide reduction charges

  1. Components: bitter wormwood, mint, fennel, linden flowers, buckthorn bark 1 tbsp. l all components, 1 liter of pure water.
    Preparation: finely chop, mix all the ingredients, pour boiling water over the saucepan. Cover it with a lid, send for 15 minutes on the burner (the fire should be small). When the broth cools down, you need to strain it well, you can take it.
  2. Components: raspberry leaves, yarrow and silverweed goose each of 1 tbsp. l., 2 tbsp. l oak bark, strawberry leaves 2 tbsp. l., 2 tbsp. water. Collecting leaves of raspberry, yarrow and cinquefoil helps to improve the general well-being of women during menopause

Preparation: finely chop the ingredients, mix. Take 2 tbsp. from the mixture that turned out, pour boiling water, cover the top, the collection should stand for 15 minutes. When it cools down, it is necessary to strain from excess impurities, take.

  • Components: mint and wormwood 1 tbsp. l., 2 tbsp. l valerian, herbs balm, fennel, buckthorn bark 3 tbsp. L., 1000 ml. clean water.
    Preparation: finely chop the ingredients, mix everything. Take from all the herbs 4 tablespoons, in a thermos pour boiling water. After 2 hours, when the collection has cooled, strain it.
  • The onset of menopause is inevitable. This is a natural aging process. Treatment of menopause folk remedies is impossible, as well as traditional, but it greatly facilitates the well-being of women at the time of hot flashes.

    Since they can manifest for a long time, it affects not only the general condition, but affects the performance. Traditional medicine has a lot of recipes that can cope with this task.

    But symptomatic treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a traditional medicine doctor.

    will acquaint with simple, but effective recipes for eliminating hot flashes during menopause:

    List of effective herbal remedies for menopause, products with phytoestrogens, herbal products for women

    The period of slow extinction of reproductive functions was called menopause. If men have a similar process that is stretched in time and is not accompanied by pronounced symptoms of deterioration in health, then almost all women will experience varying degrees of indisposition upon the onset of menopause.

    Almost in half of the fair sex this period begins much earlier than the period determined by nature. Keeping phytoestrogens and other natural hormones contained in herbs, berries, vegetables and fruits helps preserve blooming youth and health for many years with menopause.

    Types and significance of phytohormones during menopause

    Each plant is a microlaboratory where all the necessary substances are produced for growth, protection, reproduction of seeds and shoots.

    It is known that the hormones contained in herbs have a different effect on the human body during menopause:

    1. Act as a substitute for corticosteroids.
    2. Stimulate increased estrogen levels.
    3. Characterized by antioxidant properties.
    4. Interfere with the development of inflammatory processes.
    5. Protect from pathogenic microorganisms.
    6. Have a sedative effect.

    To eliminate the symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, neurological and psycho-vegetative disorders, doctors usually prescribe preparations with natural herbal ingredients either recommend admission herbal herbsstabilizing hormonal background.

    Pros and cons of herbal medicine

    The main advantage of the use of phytoestrogens is the complete elimination of the negative manifestations of menopause without the use of medicinal synthesized hormonal drugs harmful to the body.

    Natural plant components contribute to an increase in the production of estrogen and progesterone, activate the immune defense, thereby stopping aging.

    Such drugs normalize the hormonal background of a woman, resulting in a marked improvement in her health, as well as:

      • stabilizes metabolism
      • depression and neurosis cease,
      • irritability disappears,
      • insomnia retreats,
      • do not torment the tides of heat and chills,
      • pathological sweating stops,
      • the skin does not age prematurely, the hair does not fall out,
      • stabilized blood pressure
      • no panic attacks occur,
    • increases the ability to physical and mental activity,
    • the likelihood of dizziness and migraine is reduced.

    Phytoestrogens prevent the formation of cancer cells, as well as the deposition of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels. They strengthen the bone system, reduce the risk of heart attack, atherosclerosis, stroke, prevent the formation of blood clots.

    The disadvantages of phytotherapy include the duration of the treatment process. A pronounced positive effect is manifested only after 2-3 weeks from the start of the drug. They do not provide emergency assistance.

    What is phytoestrogen

    Phytoestrogens are drugs that are made on the basis of herbal ingredients, and by their effectiveness they resemble the effect of estrogens. However, due to the fact that they are not steroid substances, the effect of their use is minimal. The substances contained in these preparations are similar in composition to the 17-beta-estradiol molecule. The number of phytoestrogens is quite large, but we will highlight the main ones. These drugs include the following:

    • Isoflavones,
    • Coumestans,
    • Lignans,
    • Non-steroid and steroid saponins,
    • Phytosterols,
    • Resorcil acid lactones.

    Phytoestrogens have been known for a long time, but they appeared on the market just 15 years ago. The first medicines were made from decoctions of plants. However, in this way it was impossible to prescribe the exact dosage and lose side effects. Now popular are dietary supplements that do not pose a threat to the health of women.

    Operating principle

    Each drug has a specific mechanism of action, phytoestrogens have several. Their main task is to bind to receptors of target organs. These organs are the ovaries, endometrium, uterus, vagina, urethra. The response of the organs to the action of drugs is not quite ideal. They only increase the production of their own hormones by only 2%, therefore this therapy is not sufficiently effective and requires additional treatment. However, despite this, medicinal plants containing phytoestrogens, contribute to easier flow of menopause.

    Phytohormones with menopause have a number of other effects:

    • Inhibit and prevent the development of cancer. This is due to the fact that the drug binds to the receptor of the body, forms a complex that inhibits the action of target cells. In the period of menopause, this is somehow opportune, since the risk of developing cancer is significantly reduced.
    • Strengthen the production of globulin SHBG, which binds sex hormones. This reaction reduces the amount of hormones in the blood, which also prevents the appearance of tumor-like diseases.

    Application for menopause

    Natural estrogens are prescribed to patients as the main therapy or used as an additional therapy. Apply them for various purposes:

    • They are the main therapy for reducing the clinical symptoms during menopause (sweating, emotional lability, poor sleep).
    • Prevention of osteoporosis, resulting in reduced risk of fractures.
    • Reduce the risk of developing tumors of the female reproductive system.
    • Prevention of the occurrence of diseases of the organs of the cardiovascular system. However, one should not think that this therapy is the main one. Only a comprehensive treatment can reduce the development of heart disease.
    • Doctors recommend taking herbal preparations to improve the condition of hair, nails, and skin. Their use enhances the production of collagens, which give the skin a healthy, toned look. Also, under their action, hyperpigmentation on the body will slow down its manifestation.
    • Phytohormonal therapy for menopause contributes to the revitalization of the glandular cells, prevents the occurrence of colpitis. As a result, the sexual life of a woman is normalized.
    • Normalization of the urogenital system. Since, due to menopause, such manifestations as urinary incontinence are possible.

    Despite the fact that phytoestrogens can improve the flow of menopause, before using them you should consult with experts.

    When to start treating and how

    You can start treatment with phytohormones at any time. Their most frequent use during the appearance of discomfort before menopause. It is also advisable to use them as a prophylaxis, this will reduce the climax clinic, make it easier to proceed. On average, prescribed medication at the age of 40-45 years.

    It should be noted that the course of taking medications with phytoestrogens is quite long, so be patient and wait for their effect. Only daily use of the drug can give the expected result.

    Do not forget that some bacteria that are contained in the intestine, can change the effect of medicinal substances. Therefore, along with taking these drugs, it is necessary to monitor the intestinal microflora. To do this, it is enough to use dairy products that neutralize the action of bacteria. It is also important to stop taking antibiotics.

    Natural sources

    Before you use drugs containing estrogen, do not forget about products of natural origin. Imagine a list of natural sources of phytoestrogens:

    • Soy,
    • Bean cultures,
    • Nuts,
    • Flax and sesame,
    • Apples, citrus and cherry,
    • Vegetables and greens,
    • Dairy products,
    • All kinds of oils.

    There is a huge variety of drugs containing estrogen. They are available in tablets, capsules, solutions and creams. The most common drugs for menopause:

    • Klimadion is a good drug that helps to cope with bad mood, sleep.
    • Remens - relieves headaches and normalizes blood pressure.
    • Feminal - improves menopause, reduces the number of tides.
    • Inoklim - normalizes the work of sweat glands, reduces the frequency of tides.
    • Klimaksan - eliminates mental disorders, migraines.

    Phytoestrogens - drugs that will help get rid of unpleasant sensations during menopause. Therefore, if there is such a problem, this article will help answer many questions. However, in any case it is better to consult a doctor.

    Phytoestrogens - can they replace their own estrogens and become an alternative to hormonal drugs during menopause?

    Согласно современным клиническим рекомендациям, климактерические расстройства являются основанием для назначения эстрогензаместительной терапии. Такая тактика направлена не только на коррекцию дискомфортных психовегетативных нарушений раннего климактерия. Acceptance of estrogen is also the prevention of late metabolic complications of the post-menopausal period.

    But many women refuse to use hormones or have certain contraindications for their use. In this case, preparations containing phytoestrogens are used.

    When is it appropriate to take phytoestrogens with menopause?

    Phytoestrogens in menopause can be recommended as the main treatment method or as an adjunct to the already conducted estrogen replacement therapy. At the same time, different goals can be pursued:

    1. Mitigation of psycho-vegetative manifestations of menopausal syndrome: hot flashes, sweating, mood swings, neurosis-like reactions, sleep disorders.
    2. Prevention of osteoporosis, which reduces the risk of developing pathological fractures of the femoral neck and vertebrae.
    3. Reducing the likelihood of the formation of hormone-dependent tumors with damage to the glandular tissue of the mammary glands, endometrium and uterine myometrium.
    4. Reducing the risk of severe systemic atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular complications (angiogenic and cardioprotective effects). This is due to the beneficial effect on the lipid profile of the blood. But it should be understood that only taking phytoestrogens is not able to minimize the likelihood of stroke and heart attack in women. Prevention of these conditions requires an integrated approach. It usually includes adherence to dietary recommendations, additional intake of certain medications, weight correction and adherence to rational exercise.
    5. Improving the condition of the skin and its appendages (hair, nails), reducing the rate of development of age-related changes in them. This is the so-called anti-aging action of phytoestrogens. Against the background of their regular use, the synthesis of collagen and elastin fibers in the dermis is somewhat enhanced, which contributes to the improvement of skin tone. The formation of characteristic age pigmentation (senile spots) is also slowed down.
    6. Improving the state of the mucous membrane of the vulvovaginal region. Phytoestrogen therapy somewhat activates the work of glandular cells, which slows down the development of atrophic vaginitis during menopause. At the same time, the woman's sense of dryness in the vagina decreases, the quality of sexual life increases.
    7. Relieving incontinence associated with menopause.

    The complex action of phytoestrogens allows mitigating the bright and most uncomfortable symptoms of menopause and at the same time minimizing the risks of long-term effects of postmenopasal estrogen deficiency.

    When should I start treatment?

    Therapy can be initiated at any stage of the climacteric syndrome deployment. Most often, they are prescribed when a woman has uncomfortable psycho-vegetative symptoms in the premenopausal period, when the menstruation has not yet completely stopped.

    For prophylactic purposes, phytoestrogens are prescribed already when the first signs of extinction of the reproductive system function appear - approximately at the age of 40-45 years.

    Such an early start of therapy allows to fully manifest their anti-aging effect, makes menopause more comfortable, significantly reduces the risks of postmenopausal cardiovascular and oncological diseases. But let's accept a later start of therapy.

    The course of treatment should be long. Do not expect rapid onset of effect and complete elimination of symptoms. Phytoestrogens are not drugs for emergency care during vegetative crises, but means that work for the future. And the full effect of their reception can be expected with daily long-term systematic use.

    It should not be forgotten that the effectiveness of the treatment depends on a number of factors. The most important of them is the composition and activity of the intestinal microflora. The fact is that bacteria living in the large intestine partially metabolize phytoestrogens, translating them into a more active and accessible form for absorption. For example, under the influence of intestinal microflora, isoflavones pass into equol.

    Therefore, during the period of menopause, it is recommended to maintain a normal microflora composition. To do this, it is advisable to use dairy and fiber-rich foods that are natural prebiotics and probiotics. Avoid taking antibiotics that adversely affect the composition and amount of good bacteria in the intestine should be avoided.

    When phytoestrogens do not apply?

    Contraindications for menopause following:

    • suspected breast cancer or suspicion of it,
    • cystoma of the uterus and appendages,
    • liver pathology with clinically significant abnormalities in the biochemical indices of the work of this organ,
    • severe, decompensated and prone to progression of the brain disease,
    • allergic reactions to any of the components of a phytopreparation or to the plant itself.

    Failure to comply with contraindications may cause the rapid progression of background diseases and increase the cancer risk of existing tumors. Therefore, the treatment regimen must be agreed with the doctor.

    What drugs can I use?

    The list of drugs is very wide. They are available in the form of aqueous and alcoholic solutions for oral administration, tablets, capsules, homeopathic granules, cosmetic and vaginal creams.

    The most famous drugs include Tsi-Klim, Klimadinon, Estovel, Remens, Klimaksan, Menoril, Fimeil, Klimaton, Ovestin, Divina. They contain different in structure, origin and concentration of the active substance.

    Selection of the drug, its dosage and regimen for menopause should be made under the supervision of a physician. After all, irrational therapy with the use of phytoestrogens can aggravate the hormonal imbalance by including the anti-estrogenic effect of these substances. And this is fraught with an increased risk of developing tumors and the appearance of other hormone-dependent conditions.

    Estrogens with menopause, methods to increase the level of hormones

    Gynecology has a sufficient arsenal of tools to control estrogens during menopause and to help a woman cope with the pathological manifestations of a lack of hormones. Climax - age restructuring of the body

    In the childbearing age, natural hormonal “helpers” - estrogen (estradiol, estriol and estrone) work in a woman’s body. Attractiveness, reproductive health, emotional state, the body's vital activity directly depend on the level of female hormones.

    The age period of 45-55 years for women is associated with the extinction of childbearing function and hormonal adjustment. There comes a menopause (climax). These are irreversible natural physiological changes, which are manifested by the deterioration of the state of health associated with a hormone deficiency.

    As the ovarian reserve decreases (the number of eggs the woman has from the moment of birth), the level of estrogen gradually decreases. Shortage is reflected in the work of the body. Hormonal imbalance destabilizes the endocrine system, humoral regulation of internal organs:

    • Pituitary and hypothalamus. Blood pressure jumps, hot flashes, excessive sweating, nausea, dizziness.
    • Thyroid. Increased secretion of thyroxin, which causes disruption of the heart.
    • The adrenal glands. Stitching and aching pain in the heart and high blood pressure.

    In addition, the symptoms of estrogen deficiency include:

    • The destruction of bone tissue. Bones become fragile and brittle, teeth deteriorate.
    • Unstable emotional state, which is manifested by increased anxiety, irritability, anger, resentment.
    • Metabolic disease. Body weight increases, diabetes mellitus sometimes develops.
    • Dysfunction of the genitourinary system. Symptoms of cystitis manifest, incontinence occurs. There is dryness of the mucous membranes of the vagina, pain during sexual contact, burning and itching in the genitals, discomfort during walking.
    • Skin changes: dryness, flabbiness, deepening of wrinkles, formation of folds, brittle hair and nails.

    Vegetable (natural) estrogens with menopause

    Plant estrogens, or phytoestrogens, as they are also called, are plant compounds that are chemically similar to real female hormones, so they can provide estrogen function in the body. Hormone-like compounds, which are found in some plants, are also significantly able to balance the hormones of a woman. And since most of the symptoms of menopause is associated with a decrease in estrogen levels, phytoestrogens appear to be an attractive treatment option for the painful manifestations of menopause.

    What are plant estrogens saving from?

    "Autumn time" in the life of a woman is marked by a steady decline in estrogen synthesis, and the woman herself can feel this by the following features:

    • Tides
    • Vaginal dryness
    • Decreased libido
    • Insomnia
    • Manifestations of depression and other changes in psycho-emotional background
    • Memory impairment (for example, when trying to remember a word or name)
    • The quantity decreases and the hair texture worsens
    • Elasticity and skin color changes
    • Body weight increases, excess fat deposits appear at the waist

    Phytoestrogens can provide relief from all of these symptoms — regardless of their severity — by taking on the “responsibilities” of estrogen that the body lacks during menopause. Depending on the course of menopause and the severity of menopause symptoms, herbal preparations based on estrogen can be used in various schemes.

    Source of phytoestrogens - cimicifuga

    Tsimitsifuga (Cimicifuga racemosa) - a plant native to North America, which was used in folk medicine by Indians to treat various female diseases. Science provided an opportunity to study the effect of the plant more thoroughly, and it confirmed its reputation as a “female doctor”. The German Commission E, a scientific advisory board that is analogous to the American FDA, approved drugs based on cimicifuga for the treatment of symptoms of menopause, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and menstrual disorders (algomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, etc.).

    However, even with free access to this wonderful plant, homemade decoctions and tinctures or handicraft supplements are unlikely to retain the therapeutic properties of tsimitsifuga and help the woman. When choosing a drug for treating menopause symptoms based on phytoestrogens, one should take into account the quality of the raw materials (variety, conditions in which it was grown), as well as production technology that will keep phytohormone molecules intact and intact so that they can act in the body.

    Klimadinon: Organic Phytoestrogens

    Rely on the professionals from the company Bionorika (Germany), who created a soft, effective remedy based on plant estrogen - the drug Klimadinon®. The active ingredient of Klimadinone - an extract of rhizome of zimitsifuga - effectively binds to estrogen receptors and has a pronounced estrogen-like effect. In addition, the active substance of the drug affects the central organs of the endocrine system - the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland - reducing the production of luteinizing hormone. In combination, this provides a faster and more effective stabilization of hormonal levels in women with a wide variety of climacteric disorders.

    In addition to influencing the dryness of the vagina, taking Klimadinon eliminates the psycho-emotional and vegetative-vascular symptoms that are characteristic of menopause, including hot flashes, sweating, irritability and sleep disturbances. Klimadinon provides safe and effective relief of hot flashes and mood disorders associated with this difficult period in a woman’s life.

    Klimadinon® is convenient to use, it is released in two dosage forms - drops for oral administration and tablets. Klimadinon® is taken in 1 tablet or 30 drops twice a day, the duration of treatment is 3-6 months. Despite the low risk of side effects, the appropriateness of the constant use of Klimadinona to treat vaginal dryness and other menopausal disorders should be discussed with your doctor. A maximum course of six months is usually recommended.

    Vegetable (natural) estrogens in the composition of Klimadinon® is a safe and effective support for women during menopause with minimal risk of potential health problems.

    Phytoestrogens in menopause: what drugs to take?

    Various drugs with a plant origin at the onset of menopause often help very many women to overcome the unpleasant symptoms of hormonal disorders.

    But, in order for such products to be really effective in the period of approaching menopause, it is important that they contain natural phyto-estrogens, vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances.

    About vitamins, minerals, micro and macronutrients written a lot of publications. But what kind of substances such phyto estrogens? Why is their use necessary for menopause? How can they help age women? And, most importantly, which natural and health-friendly drugs used for menopause contain phyto-estrogens, how to use them?

    In today's publication, we will try to give the most comprehensive answers to all the questions posed regarding how phytoestrogens are used during menopause.

    What are they?

    Phyto estrogens are called the heterogeneous group of natural (naturally-created) plant compounds of non-steroid type.

    These are compounds that, according to their structure and properties, are very similar to the sex hormones of women, in particular, with estradiol.

    Feedback from our reader Olga Savinova Recently I read an article that tells about the natural healing collection “Monastic Anticlimax Tea”, which helps to forget what climax is. With this tea you can get rid of excessive sweating, frequent headaches, irritability, muscle pain.

    I was not used to trusting any information, but I decided to check and ordered one package. I noticed the changes already after a week: constant flushes, pressure jumps, poor sleep and mood swings that had tormented me for the last months - retreated, and after 2 weeks they disappeared completely. Try and you, and if anyone is interested, then the link to the article below.

    As female sex hormones, produced by a healthy body, and phyto-estrogens, available in the external nature - the described substances contribute to the normal passage in the female body of a variety of processes:

    • puberty process,
    • the proper functioning of the genitals,
    • the process of conception, carrying and childbirth.

    But, at the same time, some studies suggest that phyto-estrogens and, accordingly, preparations containing them may have both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects.

    What are their benefits?

    We have already noticed that phyto-estrogens are capable of producing effects similar to the effects on the body of regular estrogens produced by the female ovaries, but in a slightly less pronounced form.

    Today, phyto-estrogens and, including their drugs, are considered by physicians as a means to correct hormonal imbalances associated with the approach of menopause.

    Indeed, some phytoestrogens used in the approach of menopause can use the same cellular receptors as the female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone), which causes the body to continue working, while maintaining the "mode of past youth."

    Important! Undoubtedly, these substances cannot completely replace the natural hormones in the female body, prevent the onset of menopause, but they can completely smooth out the manifestations of the menopausal syndrome!

    Many of our readers are actively using the new method based on natural ingredients, which was discovered by Elena Malysheva, to combat CLIMAX and TIDES. It consists of only natural ingredients, herbs and extracts - there are no hormones and chemicals. To get rid of CLIMAX need every morning on an empty stomach.

    It is believed that such substances can:

    • the most positive way to influence the condition of the skin of an aged woman,
    • help keep the figure
    • smooth tides, sweating and irritability,
    • slow down the appearance of age spots,
    • several adjust menstruation - relieve pain, etc.

    But, despite the almost complete safety of natural phytoestrogens (the naturalness of preparations containing them), scientists have found the possibility of developing the opposite effect from their intake - anti-estrogen.

    That is why physicians do not get tired of repeating that independently prescribing certain drugs for menopausal problems, be it serious synthetic medicines or natural homeopathic phyto complexes or dietary supplements, is absolutely unacceptable!

    Where can I find them?

    It should be understood that, given to us by nature, phyto-estrogens contain not only specific preparations created by the modern pharmaceutical industry.

    Эти уникальные вещества также содержатся в достаточно большом количестве в определенных продуктах питания, некоторых лекарственных травах или растениях.

    Так к примеру, нам хочется перечислить те продукты, которые в большей степени богаты этими уникальными веществами, речь идет о таких продуктах питания как:

    • soybean - it is she who contains a huge amount of isoflavones - genistein and daidzein; soybean seedlings are rich in glycytein. During the process of digestion, these substances can be transformed into equol, structurally similar to estradiol,

    • legumes - especially peas, beans, and lentils.
    • many lactic products,
    • cheese with mildew
    • rye, sunflower seeds, wheat, rice, oats and barley,
    • fresh natural vegetables - pumpkin, carrots, various cabbage, celery, as well as asparagus, parsley,
    • high-quality vegetable oils - first of all pumpkin and olive,
    • hawthorn and dog rose fruit.

    Among the medicinal herbs, the most rich in phyto-estrogens are called:

    • sage,

    • Red clover,
    • alfalfa
    • flax seeds that are rich in lignans,
    • hop,
    • yarrow herb containing phytosterol,
    • wormwood grass
    • elecampane containing many phyto sterols.

    By the way, such a simple and convenient anti-menopausal remedy as Monastic tea contains a huge amount of medicinal herbs, fruits and plants that have an estrogen-like effect and are considered natural phyto-estrogens.

    Because of its absolute naturalness and safety for health, monastic tea is often prescribed to women suffering from menopausal syndrome.

    Take this tea twice a day in one glass with a total course of not less than three months.

    The drug has a powerful tonic, tonic, sedative effects. But, even the reception of this simple and understandable means is more properly coordinated with the doctor!

    Pharmaceuticals

    Modern pharmaceutical industry does not stand in one place and literally every year around the world produced a lot of drugs that contain certain phyto estrogens.

    In this case, it is easier and more convenient to take these drugs than to brew medicinal herbs or look for some popular recipes.

    Actually, therefore, today we would like to consider brief characteristics of the most popular herbal remedies, often prescribed during the approach of menopause, containing the substances described.

    Summing up, it should be noted that natural medicinal (and non-drug) drugs containing in their composition considered phyto-estrogens, today, a huge amount. Often, to understand such an abundance of natural products alone is not possible.

    Therefore, the first symptoms of possibly approaching menopause should force a woman to consult a doctor for advice. It is together with the doctor that it is more correct to conduct a complete diagnosis and, if necessary, to select an adequate treatment for the problem!

    What are phytohormones?

    The normal functioning of the whole body depends largely on the concentration of hormones. Some of them are formed in the ovaries: progesterone and estrogen. Over time, their number decreases, causing disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system, exacerbation of nervous disorders, changes in the menstrual cycle.

    Phytohormones - natural substances that are of plant origin. These components do not have an estrogenic effect, therefore they affect bioflavins and proteins due to the isoflavin structure. As a result, a decrease in the intensity of menopause symptoms is observed.

    Phytoestrogens are substances that are part of many plants. In structure and composition, they are similar to female hormones, have estrogenic, and anti-estrogenic effects.

    Phytoestrogens are less effective than human hormones, therefore, with replacement therapy, they benefit only with minor manifestations of menopause. Plant substances have numerous advantages:

    • Strengthening the protective functions of the body,
    • Reduced discomfort,
    • Beneficial effect on the heart,
    • Preventing Nervous Disorders and Depression,
    • Improving sleep and normalizing pressure,
    • Slowing the external manifestations of the aging process.

    To replenish the required level of hormones, medications are used that contain phytoestrogens. Products with these substances in the composition are characterized by a more gentle action, but to achieve the desired result they will have to be consumed for a long time.

    Products containing estrogen useful for women

    To reduce menopausal symptoms, experts prescribe medicines to patients, and also recommend supplementing the daily diet with food, which activates the natural production of the hormone. The list of such products includes:

    It is enriched with isoflavones, in particular, daidzein and genistein, and its shoots - with glycitein.

    Beans, peas, lentils and beans practically do not concede soy in the number of phytoestrogens.

    Milk and products made from it: cheese, cottage cheese, kefir.

    Natural hormones get into them from the herbs that feed the cows.

    Sunflower and cereal.

    Especially high concentration of nutrients in immature ears.

    All varieties of cabbage, asparagus, garlic, carrot, celery saturate the menu with phytoestrogens.

    Oils of plant origin.

    Sunflower, flaxseed, olive, sesame, soybean and other types of oils in the human body replenish stocks of flavones and flavonoids.

    In the inflorescences and berries of this plant are flavones. The beneficial composition of hawthorn has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart and circulatory system.

    Almost all herbs contain phytoestrogens. The most useful are red clover, alfalfa, flaxseeds, licorice, yarrow, sage, elecampane, shepherd's purse, and others. The use of these plants eliminates hot flashes, and also normalizes hormonal background.

    Infusions are prepared as usual tea. It is necessary to take 1 tbsp. l dried herbs and pour it a glass of boiling water. Reception is carried out throughout the day, at any suitable time. To enhance the therapeutic effect of these plants, you can additionally prepare a bath.

    Preparations with phytohormones

    Medicines that are made on the basis of medicinal herbs help to alleviate the condition of women during menopause. Drugs should be prescribed only by a qualified technician. For preventive purposes, they are not suitable. The most popular drugs with phytoestrogens include:

    The composition of the drops includes an extract of zimitifugu, which is intended for women suffering from increased nervousness. The plant has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, reduces the manifestation of mental disorders, eliminates sleep disorders. The effect of the drug occurs after the first week of administration.

    Restores hormonal balance, relieves migraines and headaches, prevents the increase in blood pressure and dizziness. Remens contains an extract of cimicifuga. You can use it for a long time, because the addiction to the drug does not develop.

    Capsules can reduce the frequency and intensity of tides. The dietary supplement contains red clover extract, which is similar in structure to female hormones.

    It is made on the basis of soy bean extract. Helps to get rid of excessive sweating, frequent heartbeat, and hot flashes. The main advantage of the tool is the almost complete absence of side effects and contraindications.

    In most cases, tablets are prescribed to patients with diseases of the vascular system, as well as in case of mental disorders. Helps to get rid of headaches, migraines, nervousness and other negative symptoms of menopause.

    The drug should be taken with extreme caution in women prone to allergic reactions.

    Available in patch form. It helps to get rid of frequent hot flashes, depression, irritability, and sudden mood swings.

    Drugs that contain phytoestrogens have the following side effects:

    • Weight gain,
    • Allergy,
    • Bloody issues,
    • Liver dysfunction,
    • Digestive upset.
    Often, the listed negative effects appear when the recommended dosage is not followed and the reception is disrupted. Some effects occur with prolonged use. If you find the slightest change in health status, you should consult a doctor.

    Phytohormones with menopause improve health and mood, keep the body in good shape and have a positive effect on appearance. With them, the functioning of the mucous membranes is normalized, the quality of sexual life improves.

    Medicinal plants for menopause | Rules of health and longevity

    | Rules of health and longevity

    All women sooner or later face the problem of menopause. After 45 years, the metabolism can slow down significantly, inhibits cell renewal, as the production of hormones of female hormones is reduced. The skin starts to age rapidly, the hair turns gray, there are diseases and problems that occur in youth rather rarely or not at all.

    Approximately 15% of women tolerate menopause very easily, without any symptoms. But 85% have unpleasant sensations. And for some menopause is so hard that they can not work and even need to need medical care.

    A woman’s life can be divided into several stages: premenopause (from the first menstruation to the end of regular menstruation), perimenopause (before and after menopause), menopause (last menstruation) and postmenopause (a period starting twelve months after menopause and end of life).

    Perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause are conventionally combined in menopause - menopause.

    Perimenopause begins, on average, 4 years before menopause (mean age 47.5 years) and lasts for 12 months after the cessation of menstruation. It is characterized by a change in the menstrual cycle, both in duration and in the amount of blood loss. Perimenopause is a time of great hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The level of estrogen - female hormones - begins to fluctuate and constantly decreases.

    Menopause is the time after the last natural bleeding (menstruation). Its duration is 12 months without bleeding (amenorrhea). The average age of menopause is 51.3 years, but it can vary, and in women who smoke, menopause can occur 1.5-2 years earlier.

    Postmenopause. Twelve months after menopause, women enter postmenopausal period - the period until the end of life, marked by a deficiency of female sex hormones.

    The first manifestations are hot flashes, sweating, palpitations, headaches, and increased pressure. Insomnia, depression, irritability, excessive excitability and reactivity associated with neuropsychiatric disorders may appear. They last at least 2 to 5 years - an early postmenopausal period - and then, as a rule, they disappear.

    Reducing the production of female sex hormones (estrogens) gradually leads to cosmetic defects: the skin ages rapidly, becomes dry and more sensitive, wrinkles increase, nails and hair change: they become weak and brittle. Libido decreases gradually. There may also be dryness, burning and itching in the vagina, pain during intercourse, frequent urination and other urogenital symptoms, which only worsen over time.

    In addition, in the first few years after menopause, bone mass loss occurs very quickly, and changes in blood vessels start to progress, from which a woman was previously protected by high levels of estrogen hormones and the body becomes more susceptible to cardiovascular and oncological diseases. These changes increase the risk of osteoporosis for women (increased bone fragility, which leads to frequent fractures, the worst of which is a femoral neck fracture). The thyroid gland (heartbeat, hand tremors) are often disturbed, metabolism (obesity or weight loss begins) , new diseases may appear: hypertension, diabetes mellitus.

    It is advisable to treat your state wisely. In this difficult period for women, of great importance are: the observance of occupational health, especially intellectual one. It is desirable to exclude alcohol, coffee, and strong tea from the diet. To devote more time to rest: to be more on the air, to walk before bedtime. You can begin to harden: wipe with cold water, take a cool or a contrast shower. What rules you need to follow when hardening can be found in the article: Tempering procedures with cold and hot water

    Bleeding with menopause.

    When menopause may appear heavy bleeding with clots, as a result of the proliferation of glands in the walls of the uterus, in which you need to consult a doctor. Sometimes the bleeding exhausts a woman so much that she has to cure the uterus. But after that the bleeding can resume.

    When bleeding requires rest, raise the pelvis higher, slipping a pillow under it, put a bladder on the stomach, and hot bottles at the feet. Food to take the easiest, so that there is no depletion of the body, every 2 hours drink 2 tablespoons of milk. All these measures are temporary, the bleeding will continue until the time takes its toll. In order for the bleeding to be less abundant, use medicinal herbs.

    Cherry from severe uterine bleeding during menopause.

    Dry the bark from young twigs of cherry. Brew 1 tsp. crushed bark on 1 tbsp. boiling water, insist 15 minutes. and drink as tea three times a day for half a cup. Such a simple tool helps perfectly.

    Collection from prolonged and heavy uterine bleeding during menopause.

    Prepare a collection of nettle leaves, motherwort grass and shepherd's bag (in equal parts). 1 tbsp. mix pour 1 tbsp. boiling water and simmer in a water bath for 15 minutes, then strain. Drink 0.5 st. three times a day.

    Plants with phytoestrogens with menopause.

    In order to significantly reduce the symptoms of menopause and improve the well-being of women, lately often doctors began to prescribe hormone replacement therapy. But this treatment has many undesirable side effects. An alternative to hormone replacement therapy are phytoestrogens - natural substances derived from plants in their effects on the body similar to the effect of estrogen women.

    The advantage of phytoestrogens is that they eliminate the negative effects of estrogen deficiency: early aging of women and menopausal syndrome, but do not increase the risk of developing cancer, as happens when using artificial hormones.

    Phytoestrogens are found in many plants. For example, in soybean, lentils, alfalfa, red clover, tsimitsifuge, flax, licorice, hop. Phytoestrogens are found in small amounts in some foods: cabbage, nuts, cherries, apples, pomegranates, dates, garlic, carrots.

    Phytoestrogens include four categories: flavones, isoflavones, cougestans, and lignans. Soy, for example, contains isoflavones. Flax seeds with a number of estrogenic properties contain a large number of lignans, and the total phytoestrogen content in flax seeds is even higher than in soybeans.

    Phytoestrogens are found in many plants: wheat and rice, barley, oats, hops, nuts, legumes (soybeans, lentils, peas, beans, beans), flax and sunflower seeds (seeds), green leafy vegetables, cabbage (white, color, broccoli, Brussels sprouts), carrots, apples, pomegranates, alfalfa, licorice, red clover, dioscore, tsimitsifuge, clover, as well as in beer and sunflower oil.

    The menopause diet should include plants from this list. The use of natural products and medicinal plants containing plant hormones makes it easier to survive menopause, slow down skin wilting and preserve feminine youth, and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

    But medicinal herbs with a high content of phytoestrogens such as wild yam, black currant extract, black stem list should be applied at intervals of several months or weeks. Such drugs can not be used for several years without interruption.

    One of the richest sources of phytoestrogens in nature is tsimitsifuga (black cohosh). Homeland zimitsifugi - North America, where the Indians for hundreds of years used this plant to maintain women's health. From here one more name of a cimicifuga - a root of the Indian woman. Tsimitsifuga is used in many pharmaceutical preparations for menopause. Also used tincture and decoction of this plant.

    Klopogona tincture: pour 1 glass of 70% alcohol 1 tbsp. l roots and rhizomes, insist in a dark place for 7 days, shaking occasionally. Take with water, 30 drops 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 30-45 days. Tincture is sold in pharmacies. It is taken 50-60 drops 2-3 times a day.

    Also from the rhizome can cook a decoction. Для этого 1,5 г измельченных сухих корней нужно залить стаканом кипятка, кипятить 7-8 минут на слабом огне, настаивать 2 часа. Принимать по четверти стакана 3-4 раза в день при гинекологических заболеваниях, гипертонии, болезнях суставов.

    Клевер красный содержит растительных эстрогенов (фитоэстрогенов) в 10 раз больше, чем в сое. Эта трава укрепляет не только сердце и легкие, но и способствует профилактике заболеваний молочной железы. В красном клевере очень много кальция, хрома, магния, калия, селена, фосфора, витаминов А и С. Один стакан его настоя содержит 375 мг кальция и 88 мг магния. (Для сравнения: в стакане молока содержится 300 мг кальция).

    Dioscorea (wild yam) is a perennial grassy vine, up to 4 m high. Dioscorea regulates the hormonal cycle, reduces headaches, tinnitus, reduces irritability, relieves hot flashes, sweat, lowers pressure, improves mood, sleep, memory, reduces the risk of disease breast and pancreas cancer. Caucasian Dioscorea should be taken for two weeks.

    The red brush will level the hormones in menopause with 50 g of the root, drink 1 l of vodka, insist for a week and drink 3 times a day half an hour before meals, depending on the weight, varying the dose from 1 tsp. up to 1 tbsp. Also, the tincture of the red brush resolves any tumors: mastopathy, fibroids, hyperplasia, nodes in the thyroid gland, as it contains natural hormones.

    Hop cones will facilitate the condition when menopause occurs. 25 g of hop cones pour 100 ml of 40-degree medical alcohol or vodka, infuse for 7 days, strain and take 5 drops per 1 tablespoon of water - in the morning and evening. This hop tincture works wonders: sleep will improve, and the headaches will pass, the nerves will return to normal, the tides will stop tormenting.

    Shiitake mushroom will ease the condition with menopause. Shiitake mushroom contains fungoestrogens, which have a similar molecular weight and structure with the natural female sex hormones - estrogen. This allows the fungus to be used in all conditions associated with progesterone deficiency: mastopathy, uterine myoma, algomenorrhea, premenstrual and menopausal syndromes. Lack of estrogen in the body in women after 45 years is one of the causes of vascular atherosclerosis, leading to angina, myocardial infarction and stroke. 3-5 years after menopause, estrogen deficiency causes bone loss in women — osteoporosis. The result of menopause is a decrease in immunity, which predisposes to the development of Alzheimer's disease. Shiitake infusion is used on vodka, cognac, Kagor wine, linseed and olive oil, as well as in capsules and water-soluble (mushroom tea). Usually, 5 grams of dry shiitake is taken, 150 ml of vodka or oil are poured, and infused for 2 weeks in the refrigerator. Take, depending on the disease, 1 tsp. or 1 tbsp. 2 - 3 times a day.

    Dyagil. This plant has the ability to regulate the balance of female sex hormones - it is no wonder that in Tibetan medicine, dagil is considered the main “female” plant! In addition, angelica preparations have a very beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, which becomes especially vulnerable when menopause approaches. For women who are over forty, dagil is the best friend!

    Dosage and dosage of the angelica root. Preparation of broth of angelica root: 3 tablespoons or 10 grams of raw materials is poured with 200 ml of boiling water, then heated in a closed container in a water bath for half an hour. The broth is cooled for 10 minutes at room temperature, filtered and bring the volume to 200 milliliters with boiled water. The shelf life is no more than two days. Take half a glass 2-3 times a day after meals. Infusion of herb angelica taken 2 tablespoons 4 times daily before meals. For its preparation, 15 grams of dried roots are poured with 300 milliliters of boiling water and infused for 2 hours. It is possible to use powder from angelica rhizomes - it is taken half a gram 3 times a day before meals.

    Medicinal plants that help with menopause.

    Rowan at the onset of menopause. With an early menopause, you should not be in a hurry to swallow hormones to relieve your condition. The best remedy is mountain ash. She is specially created by nature for a positive effect on the female hormonal system. After the use of infusion from mountain ash, the woman stops torturing her heartbeat, dizziness and hot flashes disappear, sticky sweat disappears, always inherent in the early menopause, increased efficiency and vitality, a healthy complexion appears.

    Rowan brew both fresh and dry. It is well possible to insist on vodka and brandy. To prepare the tincture take 200 g of mountain ash, crushed and poured vodka (1 liter for 200 grams of berries). Bank clean in a cool place for 2 weeks. Infusion need to filter and take 1 tsp. 3 times a day. Drink green tea, sleep well and calmly, eat moderately, plenty of vegetables and fruits. Never overeat and avoid alcohol, for these are the two eternal enemies of your liver.

    Initial letter Drink a glass a day in 2 - 3 doses of an infusion of herbs, initial letters of a drug.

    Shepherd's grass bag Take a tablespoon of finely chopped herbs, pour a glass of boiling water, brew and drink immediately. Very good remedy for bleeding in women.

    Root of cyanosis of causeless fear, insomnia with menopause. 1 tbsp. crushed root pour 1 tbsp. boiling water overnight in a thermos. Do not close the lid until steam comes out. Drink 1/3 tbsp. 3 times a day after 30 minutes. after meal. Drink until improvement.

    But the well-known oats are even figuratively called “herbal Viagra”, because it enhances sexual activity, which decreases during menopause. The plant is rich in calcium, magnesium, chromium and other minerals that strengthen the heart, bones and nerves. A glass of oat infusion contains 375 mg of calcium and 300 mg of magnesium. However, if you have problems with the absorption of gluten, then it is better not to use oats

    Oregano ordinary. Infusion and tincture of oregano have a calming effect on the central nervous system. Use during menopause with neurotic complaints. Prepare the infusion at the rate of 2 tablespoons of herbs to 2 cups boiling water (in a thermos). Drink in 3 doses in 20-40 min. before meals. Alcoholic tincture of oregano to cook at the rate of 10 g of grass per 150ml of 70 ° ethyl alcohol. Insist 7 - 10 days in a dark place at room temperature. Take 30 - 40 drops 3 - 4 times a day.

    Infusion and tincture of oregano have a calming effect on the central nervous system. Use during menopause with neurotic complaints.

    During menopause, nettle is especially useful for women and stinging, which strengthens the heart and bones, facilitating menopausal syndrome. This grass also contains a lot of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and other minerals that are the building material for bones. In addition, it contains vitamin D, which promotes the absorption of calcium salts and provides flexibility to the bones. A glass of nettle extract contains 250 mg of calcium and 215 mg of magnesium.

    Mistletoe Infusion for ingestion to cook at the rate of: 1 tablespoon to 2 cups boiling water (daily rate). Consume with heavy menstruation, uterine bleeding, with epileptic seizures, with early menopause in women. Infusion of branches and fruits applied externally for douching with belyah and cervical erosion.

    Contraindications: pregnancy. Mistletoe is weak-hearted.

    Shepherd's bag Prepare napar: 40 g of grass for 1 liter of boiling water. For women in the premenopausal period, take half a cup 3 times a day for debilitating uterine bleeding.

    Horse chestnut Broth peel mature horse chestnut: 15 g peel 250 - 300 ml of water boil over low heat for 15 minutes, insist, wrapped, 1 hour, drain. Washing should be done 2 times a day, in the morning and in the evening, with a slightly warm composition. Use for uterine bleeding that occurred during menopause, or for other reasons unrelated to malignant neoplasms.

    Salvia officinalis normalizes the activity of the sex glands, reduces sweating, strengthens the nervous system and is used as a rejuvenating agent. Infusion for oral administration: 1 - 2 tablespoons pour 2 cups of boiling water (daily allowance), insist. Sage should not be taken in high doses and more than 3 months in a row.

    Blackberry Blackberries and tea from it - a good sedative for nervous disorders during menopause.

    Hawthorn blood-red In folk medicine, used infusion. To do this, 3 tablespoons of flowers pour 3 cups boiling water. Take 1 glass 3 times a day for heart disease, dizziness, asphyxiation caused by heart malaise, and beginning menopause. Hawthorn tincture: Mix the juice of fresh hawthorn flowers with a double volume of alcohol (96 °) and hold for 15 days. Take 3 times a day, 40 drops.

    Infusion of hawthorn fruits and flowers. Take equally red fruits and flowers of hawthorn, mix well, 3 tablespoons of raw materials brew 3 cups of boiling water, leave for 2 hours in a dark place, drain. Infusion take 1 glass 3 times a day for 30 minutes. before meals or an hour after meals. It is recommended at the beginning of menopause before the disappearance of the disease.

    Veronika Dubravnaya A table spoon of dry grass pour 300 ml of boiling water. Drink half in 10 minutes. before meals, and the rest - in breaks for a meal. For 1 day you need to drink 600 ml of infusion. Well helps with dizziness, headache, during menopause.

    Valeriana officinalis. It is used for increased nervous excitability, flushing of blood to the head during menopause. Ways of preparing the infusion: Rinse one tablespoon of roots and pour into a thermos, pour 1 cup boiling water. Take the next day. Individual dosage: usually take 1 tablespoon of infusion 3 - 4 times a day, with an increased excitability to drink the whole infusion for 3 times 1/3 cup. Pour 5 g of crushed rhizome with 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 2 hours, drain. Drink half a cup in the morning and evening before bedtime. Apply with a rush of blood to the head, especially in women during menopause.

    In some patients, with the constant use of valerian, a significant and lasting improvement in health occurs, but there are patients who cannot tolerate valerian. More than 1.5 - 2 months. without a break, valerian should not be taken, as discomfort, headache and anxiety may appear.

    Rosemary medicinal Rosemary leaves decoction: pour 20 g of leaves with 1 cup boiling water, cook for 15 - 20 minutes. Take 1/2 tsp half an hour before meals.

    Rosemary leaf tincture: 25 - 30 g leaves, pour 100ml of alcohol. Insist. Take 25 drops 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. Tincture can be done on boiling water. Rosemary is successfully used in gynecological practice as a means of normalizing menstruation and in case of nervous disorder during menopause. Tincture of the hodgepodge fruit Richter

    One tablespoon of crushed fruit pour 1/2 cup of vodka. Take 60 drops 2 - 3 times a day. Apply as a sedative for dizziness, pain in the region of the heart during menopause.

    Lemon and eggshell treatment Ten lemons cut and chop together with a crust, mix 5 eggs with a shell. After the shell has been dissolved (7–10 days), take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day for a month during menopause.

    Beets People are considered one of the best remedies during menopause. You should start drinking it gradually, diluting the juice with cooled boiled water. Starting with small doses, go slowly to receive pure juice. Before taking fresh juice should stand 2 hours open. You need to drink the juice slowly, taking very small sips. You can drink beet juice with honey, diluted in a 1: 1 ratio, 1/3 cup 2 to 3 times a day. It is recommended for irritability, increased nervousness in menopause.

    CHARGES OF MEDICINAL HERBS IN THE PERIOD OF CLIMAX

    Ashberry odorous - 20 g, blackberry (leaves) - 25 g, hawthorn (color) - 10 g, motherwort (grass) - 20 g, sherinitsa marsh - 15 g. 1 tbsp. mix on a glass of boiled water. Wrap for an hour, strain.

    Take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of sage herbs, chamomile flowers, valerian root, fennel seeds, peppermint leaves, corn stigmas, sandy immortelle herbs and 2 tbsp. spoons of wild rose berries cinnamon. Fall asleep 2 tbsp. spoons of collection in enamelware, pour 1 cup boiling water, insist under the lid for 20 minutes, then strain. Take 1 glass 2-3 times a day. Apply during hot flashes and with heavy sweating.

    Pour into an enamel bowl 2 tbsp. spoons of cinnamon rosehip berries and 1 tbsp. spoonful of wild strawberries, pour 3 cups of boiling water and insist under the lid for 30 minutes. Strain and take 1/2 glass 2 times a day. Apply as a general tonic.

    Take 1 tbsp. a spoon of shepherd's grass bag, knotweed herbs (bird of the hill), grass of mistletoe and 1des. spoonful of grass horsetail. Sleep 1 tbsp. spoon in an enamel bowl, pour 2 cups boiling water, put on the fire and boil for 20 minutes. Take 1 glass 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. Use for insomnia, cardiac arrhythmias and other negative manifestations of menopause.

    Pharmaceutical chamomile inflorescences, yarrow grass, Potentilla grass goose - 10 g each, herb celandine - 5 g. One tablespoon of the collection pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30-40 minutes, drain, take 2 cups of infusion per day in small sips.

    Calendula inflorescences - 10 g., Mallow flowers - 10 g., Hernia herb, anise fruits, tricolor violet grass, prickly stalker root, black elderberry flowers, brittle buckthorn bark, malt root root - 15 g each. Mix well. One tablespoon of the collection pour a glass of boiling water, insist, wrapped, 30 minutes. Drink 2 glasses during the day in small sips.

    Walnut leaves - 10 g, prickly stalk root, wheatgrass rhizome, juniper fruits, goldenrod grass - 20 g each. Pour a tablespoon of collection with a glass of boiling water, draw, wrapped, 30 minutes. Take in the morning and evening.

    MEDICAL BATHS DURING CLIMAX

    Bath with the roots of lovage medicinal Take 30 g of crushed dry roots and pour 1 l of cold water. . Insist 3 hours, boil for 20 minutes., Strain. Bath to take at night. Apply during menopause, diathesis, eczema, neurosis. The course of treatment is 16 - 18 baths.

    Bath with roots of wormwood ordinary Pour the crushed roots with water, leave for 2 hours, boil for 10 minutes, drain. Bath (36 - 37 ° C) to take overnight. Apply with gout, neurosis, during menopause. The course of treatment 12 - 14 baths.

    Bath with the roots of Potentilla goose Take 50 g of crushed roots and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Boil for 30 minutes., Strain. Bath (37 ° C) to take at any time of the day. When changing for obesity, diathesis, goiter, during menopause. The course of treatment 12 - 14 baths.

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