Painful sensations during menstruation are fairly common, most of which are the body’s natural physiological response to rejection of an unsuitable endometrium and its removal from the outside. But there are cases when pain is a symptom of a serious pathology that has begun to develop in the body, therefore it requires immediate attention from the gynecologist to establish the cause (diagnosis) and conduct adequate treatment. Therefore, the manifestation of painful sensations during menstruation is individual. It is important to pay attention to the nature of the pain, its intensity, as well as to the nature of the discharge and other unpleasant symptoms during this period.
On the physiological side, the fact that during menstruation a woman has a womb, is caused by the fact that this organ is directly involved in the childbearing function, and in the case when conception did not occur in this cycle, it begins to actively shrink and bring out everything that turned out to be unnecessary, preparing for the next, possibly fertilized egg. During this period, women have menstrual bleeding. Minor pains that accompany them in the first days of menstruation are considered normal and should not cause concern. During bleeding, the lower back and lower abdomen may be felt, but overall well-being remains normal. But the appearance of strong, sharp, cramping pains is not a good sign. Most likely there was a violation of the basic functions of the reproductive system. In this case, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible, the delay in this matter can lead to serious health problems.
The main causes of pain
When a woman has a uterus during menstruation, there are several reasons to consider.
The first that most women face is the natural process of rejection of the uterine lining, removal of the endometrium and unfertilized egg. As a rule, this condition does not require medical care, and pain is easily eliminated with antispasmodics or analgesics.
The next moment is the development of algomenorrhea (pathological conditions in which the uterus hurts). It is primary and secondary. The first relates to functional impairment. They develop when the reproductive organ is located incorrectly, which leads to blood retention during menstruation, in cases of hormonal disruptions, in which prostaglandins are produced in more or less than necessary quantities.
Primary algomenorrhea can also develop due to the low pain threshold in a woman.
The appearance of painful sensations during menstrual bleeding is also affected by the constitutional features of the woman. If the reproductive organ is poorly developed, has a small size and weak muscles, this makes it difficult to stretch, so the nerve endings are affected, which causes severe pain in this period.
Secondary algomenorrhea develops as a result of pathological disorders in the female genitourinary system. Pain in the reproductive organ can occur with inflammation of the internal organs, with myoma, endometriosis, problems with the ovaries. In addition, the use of the IUD also provokes severe pain during menstruation, due to the fact that there is an active release of prostaglandins.
Pain before menstruation and after
Many women experience discomfort and lower abdominal pain a few days before the onset of menstrual bleeding. The cause of this condition can be:
- hormonal disorders,
- low threshold of sensitivity
- endorphin deficiency,
- excessive production of prostaglandins, which leads to intensive contraction of the muscles of the uterus.
- increases the tone of the reproductive organ, begins its active reduction.
The reasons indicated are not a terrible problem and are considered the norm.
However, if the pain appears a week before the menstruation and is intensely cramping in nature, then you need to contact the doctor, since there is a likelihood of serious pathological processes.
As a rule, painful sensations that arise on the eve of bleeding and do not bear pathological signs with the onset of menstruation pass.
It is also possible to preserve pain in the uterus after it ends. If they last for several days and are mild, then you should not worry, because this is a completely understandable condition, due to the fact that a woman has a rather slow recovery of hormonal levels. This phenomenon is observed in women after thirty, when the rate of estrogen in the blood is significantly increased or prostaglandins prevail.
But, if the pain lasts for more than a week, rather intense, then you need to consult a doctor to determine its cause.
A woman should be very attentive to her body, sometimes pain in the area of the reproductive organ before menstruation can talk about ectopic pregnancy, be a threat to its termination, as well as many other diseases of gynecological nature.
Doctors unanimously recommend that women of reproductive age systematically undergo examinations of the genital organs, mammary glands, donate blood and smears for analysis. To maintain health and well-being, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle, eat a well balanced diet.
A few words about the female reproductive system
In the pelvic area is the female reproductive system, consisting of certain organs.
Uterus or meter. It is a muscular organ with an internal cavity, covered with a mucous membrane. He plays a major role in the carrying of the fetus. It is considered normal size of about eight centimeters. The increase in size during pregnancy occurs due to smooth muscle and mobility. Therefore, it is able to grow with the fruit and reach large sizes in accordance with a certain period.
The cervix is a cone-shaped extension of the uterus and descends into the vagina. She has two throats, which are slightly open so that blood can flow during her period. In the process of childbirth, they can open up to twelve centimeters. If the woman did not give birth, then the neck can be slightly bent towards the sacrum. It has no nerve endings.
The ovaries located on the sides of the uterus are the endocrine glands and produce the hormones progesterone, estrogen and endrogen. They form eggs, which, during the period of ripening, are released for fertilization.
The fallopian tubes contribute to the connection of the uterus and ovaries. They are abdominal organs. It is on them that the ripe egg passes and enters the uterus in case of fertilization for the further development of the fetus.
However, if fertilization has not occurred, then a new cycle begins. Menstruation comes. It looks like blood loss. Along with her go and clots of mucus. This old layer of the endometrium peels off and comes out.
Why does the uterus hurt during menstruation
Most women can have lower body pain at this time. This usually starts a few days before the start of the month and can last several days after. The pain gives back and legs. Sometimes it is cramping in nature.
Such sensations occur in the ovulatory phase during the opening of the follicle in the ovaries and further advancement of the egg to the tube. During uterine contractions, similar phenomena can also be observed. This is due to the fact that the muscular organ is trying to quickly get rid of the surface layer of the endometrium.
Because of the bend of the cervix, it may be difficult for blood to come out and there is nagging pain. During menstruation, the vagina becomes more loose and sensitive to the unhindered release of the endometrium, which can also cause pain.
In addition, anomalies in the structure of the genital organs, various inflammatory processes contribute to the appearance of these phenomena.
These causes can cause severe pain in the uterus.
From the point of view of physiology, this is explained as follows. During menstruation, the cervix opens slightly. In addition, the presence of outgoing blood creates a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. And this, in turn, can lead to a deterioration of health. Therefore, it is recommended during this period to be especially careful toilet genitals, to prevent the development of infection and the occurrence of pain. Be sure to regularly change the hygiene every two to three hours.
What to do if uterus hurts during menstruation
In the absence of any deviations in health and the presence of pain during this period, you can use painkillers. These are meloxicam, celecoxib, vitamins, thiamine, omega 3 and calcium. Only a doctor can choose the right drug. Do not self-muffle these symptoms with pills. At the same time it is necessary to carefully monitor the amount of blood secreted. It is considered a normal amount for the entire period of about eighty milliliters.
Bleeding during menstruation
However, if a woman notices that the pads or tampons are only enough for a couple of hours or less, then we can say that there is bleeding. In this case, be sure to pass an examination and identify the cause. Endometriosis, fibroids (benign uterine tumors), and coagulation disorders can produce a profuse bleeding. Sometimes it helps in this situation taking oral contraceptives, which will restore the hormones and save women from such monthly torment. In addition to this, the volume of discharge is normalized.
If a woman does not have serious health problems, then such troubles do not go to her. However, at the first sign, you should immediately consult a doctor. It often happens that heroically transferring pain, she will not be able to notice the presence of the disease in time, and this is fraught with certain consequences.
Indeed, it often turns out that pain in the uterus is caused by the presence of tumors or endometriosis. Such diseases require treatment and constant monitoring. In some cases, surgery is required.
In conclusion, you need to highlight the main thing. During normal functioning of the body and genital organs, some painful sensations are allowed during menstruation. However, they should not be strongly pronounced in nature and interfere with the usual way of life.
Pain before menstruation
Different intensity of pain in the uterus before menstruation occur in all women. This is due to the physiology of the female body. The menstrual cycle involves the preparation of the body to conceive and subsequent bearing of the fetus. If, after the release of the egg, it does not fertilize, then there are processes that lead to the rejection of the endometrium of the uterus. During this period, menstruation begins. The uterus tone increases, its contractions occur. They are perceived by women for pain before menstruation. When they occur 1-3 days before the beginning and in the first few days of menstruation is the norm.
But in the presence of pulling pain in the lower abdomen a week before menstruation, you should consult a gynecologist for advice. Their causes can be both innocuous processes and serious pathology. These include adhesive processes of the reproductive organs, damage to the digestive tract, menstrual disorders, chronic inflammatory processes of the genital organs, late ovulation, and pregnancy.
Do not forget about PMS (premenstrual syndrome), which is one of the common causes of pain before menstruation. Its formation may be associated with various symptoms - nausea, vomiting, headaches, sweating, the appearance of edema, weakness, and disturbances of the emotional background. Depending on the prevailing symptoms, edematous, neuropsychic, cephalgic and crisis forms of PMS are distinguished.
Pain during menstruation
So why does the uterus ache during menstruation? The physiological processes of rejection of the uterine mucosa cause its reduction for the speedy removal of the endometrium and unfertilized egg. These pains are not associated with pathology and do not change the general condition of the woman.
The condition in which the uterus hurts during menstruation is called algomenorrhea. It is primary and secondary. Primary algomenorrhea is functional. The reasons for its development are the following:
- Incorrect positioning of the uterus, leading to blood stasis during menstruation.
- Endocrine pathology caused by increased or weakened prostaglandin synthesis leads to hormonal disruptions in the body.
- Emotional instability of a woman provides a reduction in the threshold of pain sensitivity.
- Constitutional features of women play an important role. So, with infantilism, due to the small size and insufficient development of the muscles of the uterus, its ability to stretch is impaired. This causes irritation of the nerve endings, which is accompanied by the appearance of pain.
Uterus during menstruation
The uterus during menses bothers many women. Different strengths of pain are experienced by both very young girls and women in older age. Why do these pains appear, is it possible to avoid them and how to behave during menstruation in order to avoid further health problems?
First, it should be noted physiological features. The cervix during menstruation is slightly ajar. This fact, plus the presence of blood, creates favorable conditions for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. That is why it is very important to carefully observe personal hygiene, when the uterus during the month is ajar and is not particularly protected. It is necessary to wash at least 2 times a day (+ after defecation) and regularly change the pads or tampons. For the same reason, it is desirable to stop sex at the time of menstruation. At least, without the use of barrier contraception.
The uterus before menstruation hurts a large number of women. But the reasons for this are all different. Some have painful sensations - a reaction to contractions, spasm of the uterus. In such cases, antispasmodics help well. The second is associated with the malformations of the internal genital organs. And the third is a symptom of adenomyosis, chronic endometritis and other gynecological diseases. That is why, every woman who has a uterus ache during menstruation should undergo at least a minimal examination by a gynecologist. After all, gynecological diseases not only spoil the quality of life, but often become the cause of infertility. Especially dangerous is the situation when the uterus after menstruation continues to hurt.
If the doctor excluded gynecological diseases, as the cause of dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), he may recommend various medication and folk ways to cope with the pain. The safest painkillers are Meloxicam and Celecoxib. From vitamins and microelements, supplementation with Thiamine, Omega-3 and calcium supplements can help. For the selection of drugs necessarily consult with your doctor.
It is very important to simultaneously monitor the amount of discharge. Normally, their period of menstruation should be no more than 80 ml. If you notice that the gaskets are enough for a maximum of 2-3 hours, the bleeding is severe. In this case, you will need a more thorough examination. Severe bleeding can be caused by endometriosis, benign tumors of the uterus, bleeding disorders, etc. In some cases, it will be correct to prescribe oral contraceptives, which will help reduce menstrual losses and, possibly, get rid of dysmenorrhea.
Manifestation of pain
Every woman's menstrual cycle is a set of complex processes aimed at preparing for a possible conception and the occurrence of pregnancy. If in the current month the conception did not occur, the mucous membrane of the uterus is rejected and removed from the body with the dead egg. This process is called menstruation. With the first day of monthly bleeding begins a new menstrual cycle, and the body begins to prepare for a new conception. As a rule, the cycle duration is 28-35 days, and the duration of monthly bleeding is 3-5 days.
With menstruation, some ladies may feel pain in the uterus. If they are not long lasting and tolerable, this is considered normal. But it also happens that the pain is very strong, making it impossible to do everyday things.
Cramping pain, which is localized in the lower abdomen, can give to the lower back, hips, external genitals, groin.
The appearance of such pain during menstruation or a few days before they start is reflected in the general condition of the woman, which can be expressed in the following symptoms: headaches, abdominal colic, diarrhea, lethargy, decreased performance, exhausted nervous system.
What causes pain?
Эндометрий детородного органа постепенно отторгается, что сопровождается кровотечением (менструация). Матка, чтобы избавится от отторгнутой слизистой и погибшей яйцеклетки делает интенсивные сокращения, что и является причиной возникновения болевых ощущений.
Restoration of the mucous membrane of the reproductive organ begins on the second day of menstruation and ends by the fifth, it quickly grows and thickens, thus making preparations for the introduction of a new egg next month.
The occurrence of pain in this period is called algomenorrhea. May be primary or secondary. The secondary form suggests pathological processes in the pelvic organs. Primary algomenorrhea occurs predominantly in thin, too emotional women.
The causes of pain during menstruation can also be:
- increased pain sensitivity
- lack of endorphins, enkephalins,
- an excess of prostaglandins, which causes spasm of the muscular wall of the uterus and constriction of the blood vessels,
- insufficiency of the luteal phase of the cycle.
When does pain speak of illness?
Pain in the uterus is of a different nature: dull (given in the rectum), stabbing, sharp, pulling, throbbing.
If a woman is worried about acute pains in the area of the reproductive organ and ovaries, which are stronger on the sides, in most cases this is a symptom of the presence of an inflammatory process. These can be such diseases: vaginitis, salpingitis, adnexitis, endometritis, cervicitis, etc. The pathogens are bacteria and infections that enter the body of a woman during sexual contact. It is necessary to visit a doctor as soon as possible, especially in cases where the body temperature rises.
A woman may also take an attack of acute appendicitis for uterine tenderness. With dull pain, giving in the rectum, we can talk about many diseases, and not only gynecological. Pain in the uterus can talk about diseases of the reproductive system (cystitis, urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, etc.). Pulsating pain, fever may indicate inflammation of the anus.
Pain in the uterus can also occur in such diseases of the female genital organs:
- Endometriosis. Due to hormonal disturbances, the endometrium begins to grow excessively beyond the limits of the uterus, so it can get sick. Symptoms: severe pain during menstruation and ovulation, occurring in the lower abdomen, heavy menstrual bleeding, pain during sexual contact, bleeding after it.
- Ovarian rupture (apoplexy). A dangerous disease that may occur due to inflammation in the uterus or ovaries, as well as hormonal disorders. It is characterized by acute pain in the lower abdomen on one side, which occurs suddenly, irritation of the abdominal wall, nausea, and vomiting. Risk of death if medical care is not provided on time.
- Uterine fibroids. Benign education. It is characterized by heavy bleeding, pain during ovulation and menstruation. It occurs as a result of hormonal imbalance.
Other diseases of the female reproductive system can also cause pain in the uterus during menstruation and other days of the cycle.
How to alleviate the condition?
The emergence of pronounced pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation or a few days before they start - a reason to go to a gynecologist. This should be done, first of all, for your own comfort, to make sure that there are no pathological abnormalities.
In the absence of diseases of the pelvic organs, some tips will help to alleviate the condition:
- nutrition. Eating light foods will help reduce pain during menstruation. In the diet you need to include more fruits and vegetables, drink more fluids. Before menstruations, limit the consumption of coffee, black tea, salt, sugar, as well as dairy and meat products,
- heat. A warm shower will help relax muscles and relieve cramps. The method is applicable only in the case when pathological factors are excluded.
- massage. Reduce tension in the abdominal area will help light circular motion, directed clockwise,
- comfortable posture. To relax as much as possible and to relieve the spasm in some cases will help, if you lie on your side, pulling your legs to the stomach (fetal position),
- painkillers. If the pain cannot be tolerated, an anesthetic can be taken. What kind of medicine is better? In this case, it is better to consult a doctor.
Urgently to the doctor!
If during the menstrual period severe pains are disturbed, it is impossible to ignore such a state. When other symptoms appear, the doctor should be visited as soon as possible, namely:
- previous periods were painless,
- high body temperature, skin rashes,
- pain during menstruation does not pass more than a day, while painkillers do not help,
- heavy bleeding in the last few months,
- pain does not go away after the end of menstruation,
- the presence of blood in the feces, they are black.
Only careful attention to your health and timely access to a doctor will allow you to recognize pathologies and cure them in a timely manner, which is very important for every woman, regardless of age.
Why does the uterus hurt a lot? Are the causes of this symptom dangerous? Before answering these questions, you should learn important information. The reproductive organ is a muscular bag. It is located in the center of the pelvis. In front is the bladder, and behind - the intestine. The uterus is an unpaired organ. Its dimensions are approximately 5 centimeters in width and 7 in height. The mass of the uterus is in the range of 30 to 90 grams. In women who have given birth, the organ is somewhat larger and heavier.
If a woman has a womb, the reasons can be very different. But in each case, it is usually a pathological process. To reliably determine why this symptom appeared, you need to visit a doctor: a gynecologist or an obstetrician-gynecologist. The pain in the pelvic area can be different: cutting, stabbing, pressing, sharp and so on. Consider why sometimes women have a womb. Causes and consequences analyze in detail.
Menstruation and physiological ailments
For many women, the uterus hurts during menstruation. The causes of this symptom are more often physiological. Every second woman complains of dysmenorrhea. At the same time, on other days, the woman’s state of health remains normal. Pain in the uterus appears 1-2 days before menstruation and ends at 2-3 days of bleeding. Unpleasant sensations have a pressing or pulling character, can be spastic. They result from the contraction of the muscular organ. If you endure pain there is no strength, then you can take an antispasmodic.
The unpleasant consequences of dysmenorrhea is not. It is important to consult a gynecologist in time and make sure that there are no other abnormalities. Many women say that the monthly pain and discomfort disappear after the baby is born. Why - still remains a mystery.
Inflammatory process and infections
If the uterus hurts, the causes may be hiding in a bacterial or viral disease. The most common infections occur in women who are sexually promiscuous and who do not use barrier contraceptives. The consequences of such diseases are rather pitiable, and the treatment is long. Remember that the sooner you go to the gynecologist and start therapy, the less likely you are to develop complications.
Infections can be sexually transmitted or occur for other reasons. Often women suffer from E. coli. This microorganism is normally in the digestive tract. But for various reasons (often due to wearing tight linen), it penetrates the vagina and settles in the uterus. Treatment of infectious pathologies is always complex. Antibiotics are prescribed for oral and topical use, antivirals and antiseptics, immunomodulators and probiotics. Independently choose the right therapy is not possible. If the problem is not cured in time, the infection will spread to neighboring organs: fallopian tubes and ovaries. Pathology threatens the formation of adhesions, poor health and even infertility.
Neoplasms in the reproductive organ and nearby
If the uterus and ovaries hurt, the reasons may be hiding in the growth of the tumor. In the reproductive organ is often found fibroids. If the education is small and does not bother the patient, then it is usually not touched. With the accelerated growth of memes, surgical and minimally invasive treatment methods are chosen. Often carried out hormonal correction. The uterus may also be sick due to the formation of cysts on the ovaries. Most often these are functional tumors that do not require medical intervention. But if we are talking about such cysts as dermoid, endometrial, carcinoma, and so on, then they must be removed surgically.
Endometriosis ranks second in popularity among neoplasms. This is a benign proliferation of the endometrium on the outer layer of the uterus, intestines and inside the abdominal cavity. If you do not treat the pathology, then the woman has unbearable pain in the pelvis, adhesions form and eventually infertility occurs.
Sick childbirth can with cancer, polyps and other tumors. The prognosis of treatment and the consequences directly depend on the stage of the disease and its type.
Pathology of the uterus
Why does the uterus hurt before menstruation? The reasons may lie in the pathologies of both congenital and acquired. In women with similar complaints, partitions in the reproductive organ are diagnosed. Also, the uterus can be single-horned or two-horned, saddle. Sometimes hypoplasia or agenesis of the organ is determined. In the latter case, it is a complete absence of the uterus. The pain is caused by the displacement of neighboring organs.
Depending on the type of pathology, its effects may vary. For example, agenesis is not amenable to any treatment. With her, a woman cannot continue her race, and painful feelings persist for a lifetime. Modern medicine allows to correct such pathologies as the two-horned uterus, adhesions in the genital organ and partitions.
Early pregnancy and unpleasant feelings
Is it dangerous if the expectant mother has a womb? Causes during pregnancy are often hidden in hormonal failure. In the early stages of gestation, the corpus luteum secretes progesterone. This hormone is needed to relax the uterus, a sufficient level of it prevents miscarriage. If progesterone is low, then the reproductive organ comes to tone and begins to shrink. The consequence of this process may be abortion. But if you go to the doctor in time, then everything is fixable.
Sick uterus in the early stages may due to accelerated growth. Especially often this happens in women who have previously suffered infectious diseases and have adhesions. With an increase in the uterus, these films stretch, causing discomfort and pain. This process is not dangerous, but it is necessary to inform the gynecologist about the complaints.
Pain in the second half of gestation
In the later stages of pregnancy, the uterus may be sick for physiological reasons. The reproductive organ is preparing for the expulsion of the fetus. The uterus is periodically reduced, delivering discomfort. There is no danger in this, if it is training fights. Report them to your doctor.
Also, the uterus may hurt because of the threat of premature birth. If at the same time you have unusual discharge, water has withdrawn or other symptoms have joined, then you should immediately go to the hospital. The consequences of these processes may be different.
If the delivery date has come up and your uterus is seriously ill, then collect the necessary things and go to the maternity hospital.
Why does the uterus still hurt? Often women confuse discomfort in the pelvis with diseases of the reproductive organ. The causes of discomfort may be the following:
- hemorrhoids, intestinal inflammation and anal fissures,
- polycystic and adhesions,
- urinary system pathology,
- indigestion (constipation or diarrhea) and so on.
The consequences of a disease may vary. But the single rule always works: the earlier you go to the doctor and start treatment, the more positive the prognosis will be. It is almost impossible to determine the cause of pain in the abdomen, in particular, the reproductive organ. The doctor will examine and, if necessary, prescribe additional studies: tests, ultrasound diagnostics, and so on. All manipulations in aggregate will help determine the type of pathology and correctly choose the tactics of its treatment.
If your uterus hurts, causes and treatment are issues that should be dealt with by a doctor. When inflammation prescribed antibiotic therapy. If we are talking about tumors, then the tactics of their removal is chosen. Pain arising during menstruation requires symptomatic treatment. You should not engage in self-assignment and guessing: why does pain arise in the uterus? In order not to face the unpleasant consequences of pathologies, contact your gynecologist. Successes to you and good health!
Tingling in the uterus a few days before menstruation
Single uterine pains a few days before the menstruation will disturb few people, especially if there were no additional alarming symptoms. Anxiety is caused by tingling in the uterus before menstruation, which is periodic. If this happens every cycle, then you can certainly talk about the pathology of the uterus or its appendages.
Regular uterine pains before menstruation, which can be described as tingling, can be symptoms of the following diseases:
These are the most common pathologies, but they are much more. If there is pain or colitis in the uterus before menstruation due to some disease, then it will not work out to determine it yourself. This should be done by a gynecologist, and so far you can only help yourself with painkillers, if you cannot tolerate it.
If tingling in the uterus before menstruation is accompanied by bloody discharge, then it can be a miscarriage in the early stages or an ectopic pregnancy.
There are situations when a girl experienced uterine pains before menstruation, but took them off with pills. Bad feelings passed with the beginning of the discharge, and the woman forgets about them, until after a month everything is repeated. In this vicious circle, you can be for months, forgetting that the problem is not solved, but only the symptoms are removed. If you start a disease, then deal with it is much more difficult.
Also, the problem may be in the intrauterine device.
There are situations when pain does not indicate pathology, but if they continue for several cycles or cause severe discomfort, it is best to consult a gynecologist. Without additional symptoms, it is impossible to establish whether there is a problem or not. If there are still symptoms (fever, purulent discharge, bleeding, pain in other parts of the body, etc.), then again, without a doctor, the problem cannot be determined.
Normal body reaction
It should be noted that uterus soreness is most normal for the first days of the cycle, and not before or after menstruation.
- When conception has not occurred, the endometrium formed for these purposes begins to exfoliate in the uterus. In its place, a new layer will grow for future potential fertilization, but now it is necessary to remove the endometrium that is no longer needed from the body. To get rid of the old endometrium, the uterus is intensively reduced. Since this is a muscular organ, it can be overstrained due to such contractions, which lead to the appearance of minor pain.
- The cause of pain can also be in a special anatomical structure of the uterus (its deviation back), because of which the output of menstrual blood is somewhat difficult. It also causes certain pains during menstruation.
- Painful sensations in the groin area are caused by an increase in the sensitivity of the vaginal mucosa. The vagina also expands so that the endometrium can exit better. Such changes can be perceived as sensations directly in the uterus.
Not always pain in the uterus during menstruation is something normal. Sometimes they occur due to hormonal failure, inflammation, neoplasm and other pathologies.
To understand why the uterus hurts during menstruation, you need to answer the question, what kind of pain is it?
- Acute pain often indicates inflammation in the uterus itself or its appendages. Such feelings are especially dangerous if they are accompanied by fever.
- Pulling pains usually indicate normal physiological processes.
- Dull pain can be a symptom of a wide variety of diseases, whether related to gynecology or not,
- Throbbing pain can talk about inflammatory processes, but not always.
Acute, stabbing or throbbing pain is a reason for seeking medical help.
One has to ask oneself, is it really uterine pain? Perhaps something else hurts and is mistaken for a problem with the uterus.
Painful sensations can cause:
It is difficult to understand whether the uterus hurts during menstruation due to pathology or because of a natural process. Therefore, you need to know about the alarming symptoms, which, in addition to uterine pains, are a reason for going to a gynecologist.
- Itching and burning.
- Nausea with vomiting.
- The temperature is high.
- Soreness during or after intercourse.
- Unpleasant smell from the vagina.
- Значительное изменение цвета наружных половых органов.
- Обильные выделения нетипичного цвета (тёмные, зеленые, серые и т.д.).
- Сильное мочеиспускание.
- Болезненность нижней части живота при надавливании на неё.
I would not like to frighten stories about the occurrence of diseases and methods of treatment of some of them. However, it is better not to delay, especially if we are talking about the female reproductive system.
Causes of pain in the uterus after menstruation
Answering the question why the uterus hurts after menstruation, you need to look at the causes of the problem before and during menstruation (described above). It would seem that all the excretory processes have already been completed, and with them the feeling of discomfort in the uterus should have disappeared. Do these sore feelings indicate pathology?
If the pain persists for more than two days, they have high intensity or there are alarming symptoms (fever, dizziness, general weakness, nausea, etc.), then you should go to the gynecologist.
Elevated estrogen can cause pain in the uterus after menstruation. Any hormonal imbalance can lead to similar painful sensations. A couple of days after the end of menstruation hormonal balance should level.
The continuation of painful sensations after the end of menstruation could be caused by improper diet, severe stress, medications, general weakening of the body and other factors that are extremely difficult to determine.
Often after menstruation, the uterus begins to ache due to inflammatory processes.
If painful sensations appeared after the end of menstruation, then this is very strange and requires consultation with a gynecologist. If during and after menstrual colitis in the uterus, the reasons are the same (they were described earlier). After two days you need to go to the doctor if the pain has not passed.
Uterine soreness is not always possible to determine, because many people confuse this sensation with the body's response to food poisoning, inflammatory appendicitis, inflammation of the genital organs, stones in the urethral canal, etc.
The main thing to remember, if the pain did not go away itself, it is very strong, accompanied by negative symptoms or comes regularly with a cycle, then the help of a gynecologist is needed.
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